The finish of the second century BCE observed the rise of new families in roman politics. The revolutionary proposed through Tiberius and also Gaius Sempronius Gracchus, and also the prominence of basic Gaius Marius, had actually deeply shaken the political world. One of the new families was the of the Julii Caesares. They to be not fully new, yet their power promptly increased, which is additionally indicated by their claim that they lower from the goddess Venus. One of these guys was Lucius Julius Caesar. Together with his younger brothers Gaius Julius Caesar Strabo, that was among Rome"s foremost politicians.
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The starts of the career of Lucius Julius Caesar room a bit obscure. That was involved in the downfall the the revolutionary tribune Lucius Appuleius Saturninus (in 100) and also tried to obtain the quaestorship, yet in vain. However he was praetor in 94, an office that he cannot have occupied without being quaestor and also aedile first. (In the exact same year, his family member Sextus Julius Caesar was praetor too.) after his praetorship, Lucius Julius Caesar was proconsul (governor) that Macedonia, and during the consulship that his nephew Sextus, the was chosen consul too. Throughout his consulship, in 90, his younger brother Gaius to be aedile.
Next year, Lucius Julius Caesar, elected consul, beat the Samnites. ~ this success, that proposed the Lex Julia, which offered citizenship come all areas that were no in revolt. This to be a method to division the enemies, and it was extremely successful.
In the following year, 89, the Lex Plautia Papiria prolonged the offer to those who offered up fighting prior to a particular date. Gradually, the Romans overcame your enemies, back they had actually made large concessions. Lucius Julius Caesar was currently made censor, and responsible for dividing the new citizens in the voting districts. His partner was an additional former consul, Publius Licinius Crassus (the dad of the triumvir).
At the exact same time, king Mithridates the Pontus struck Roman possessions in Asia Minor, which intended war. First, basic Sulla was sent out to the east, yet he to be recalled and replaced by his competitor Marius. Sulla marched top top Rome - the very first commander to do so - and restored order. Marius was sent into exile. In this chaotic situation, Lucius" brother Gaius do a bid for the consulship, back he have to officially have actually stood for the praetorship first. This developed unrest.
Sulla currently left Rome because that the Mithridatic War, and also in 87, Marius returned and also joined pressures with Cinna, a previous consul who had actually been expelled from Rome too. They caught the city, and also many people were massacred. Lucius and also Gaius were killed throughout the fighting in the streets. Follow to the chronicler Livy,note
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Gaius Julius Caesar Strabo was a distant relative that the Gaius Julius Caesar who was father of the famed Julius Caesar.