"Who" Or "Whom"?
There’s one ongoing dispute in English about when you must use who and also when to use whom. According to the rule of formal grammar, who need to be provided in the subject position in a sentence, if whom should be used in the thing position, and also after a preposition.
You are watching: Who i met or whom i met
Who made this decision?
Whom do you think we need to support?
To whom execute you great to speak?
In practice, most world never use whom like this in speech due to the fact that it sounds exceptionally formal. Castle don"t usage whom at all, and also instead usage who in all contexts, i.e.:
Who perform you think we have to support?
Who do you wish to speak to?
As family member pronouns
Who and also whomare additionally relative pronouns, supplied to attach one i to another. For example:
The guy whom girlfriend met yesterday is comes to dinner.
The children, who had actually beenas an excellent as gold, climate suddenly started misbehaving.
The people to whom the funds were supposedly directed benefited little from them.
As through questions, making use of whom in the above examples is markedly formal. Most people would say or create the first example in among these ways:
The male who friend met yesterday is comes to dinner.
The male that girlfriend met yesterday is comes to dinner.
The man you met yesterday is coming to dinner.
They would also probably relocate the preposition come the finish of the i in the third example:
The human being the funds to be supposedly command to services little.
However, if you room writing at work, at university or university, or because that publication, that is acceptable and even advisable to usage the an ext formal whom, specifically in constructions through a preposition.
In one certain context whom appears obligatory: once it is came before by quantifiers such as all of, both of, few of, many of, several of, etc. For example:
The Millennium stadion accommodates 72,500 spectators, all the whom room seated.
Congratulations to every the winners, most that whom are definitely reading this blog!
Avoid this mistake with whom
In reading, you might well come across sentences choose these:
✗ He is demanding £5,000 from the elderly mrs whom he claims has damaged his life.
✗ Mr Reynolds is highly crucial of journalists, whomhe says simply use labels to explain him.
Who is exactly in both examples. The wrong occurs because the reporting verb claim and also say have been inserted between the grammatical subjects <elderly woman, journalists> and the verbs they govern <has ruined, use>. If you take them out, you deserve to see the the sentence is wrong, because whom is being wrongly used together the subject:
✗ He is demanding £5,000 from the elderly woman whom has damaged his life.
✗ Mr Reynolds is highly an essential of journalists, whomjust usage labels to explain him.
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If you find yourself creating a sentence of the kind, i beg your pardon can take place with verbs such together say, report, think, believe, etc., use the test above.