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Historians discuss labor relations between former slaves and also former masters after the civil War.

You are watching: Who had control of land and labor in the south

What taken place to labor on southern plantations best after the war?

Eric Foner

Eric Foner:  larger economic context... Is very disadvantageous. Noodle prices space falling. People demand for noodle is slowing. The credit system in the South, based upon the so-called "crop lien" (whereby people borrow money pledging the future cotton chop as your collateral to a merchant), leads to over-production that cotton and also further decreases in the price. So it is no a car that permits people to relocate ahead. It"s no a automobile for improvement. Really often the sharecropper is in blame at the end of the year, and continues in debt year after year. So that does offer black family members far more independence 보다 they had as slaves, or also as gang laborers or something like that, but it absolutely doesn"t fully give them the financial independence the they have actually wanted, coming the end of slavery.

Did sharecropping save freed servants in poverty permanently?

Ed Ayers: One of the miracles that the repair era and also the duration that follows is that in spite of the fact of having been slaves, and despite the reality of beginning with nothing, nothing, that through their difficult work, were able to scrimp and also save and buy a small bit of land because that themselves, and build a far better future for their children. They education their youngsters somehow, the end of all this. How can they bought to do that? just through sacrifice.

So we don"t want to let the story the subjugation and poverty for this reason overwhelm united state that us don"t recognize that in spite of all those things, the African american in the south were able to fight their way up into a much better life because that themselves and their families.

How did the transforms in black color labor affect white workers?

Nell Painter: Sometimes white labor said, "Well, I"ve had actually so lot trouble through these black people, I"m walk to rental white people." so white people had a genuine opening into the labor market in 1865, in a method they hadn"t. And also it turns out the they acted in the labor market very much the method other people did. So bad white ladies were no an ext anxious to carry out housework than poor black women. And what the did was raise wages...

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There to be many more skilled black human being in 1865 than there were expert white people. And also when expert work became wage work, climate white employees moved right into that niche... We know that there to be a good deal that violence about skilled work. And also it was violence that finally got a lot of black human being out of expert work. In the railroad business, because that instance, there to be a series of hate strikes and attacks, so that by the early 20th century, black color workers" duty in railroad work was together Pullman porters or together helpers to mechanics and also so forth. Therefore they can no longer be engineers and also that sort of thing.