W3C pulls plug top top XHTML 2

Reports the the fatality of XHTML have been substantially exaggerated, the W3C maintains

Jul 10, 2009

The World vast Web Consortium (W3C) has stopped work on the second version of the Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML), and has instead redirected that is energies come the following version, HTML 5.

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"When the XHTML 2 Working team charter expires as scheduled at the end of 2009, the charter will not be renewed. By act so, and by boosting resources in the HTML functioning Group, W3C really hopes to advice the development of HTML 5," says a W3C news bulletin.

While early on reports characterized the W3C"s relocate as the fatality of XHTML, the is just an experimental version the the markup language the has obtained the axe. Many users that the language must not it is in affected, according to W3C"s Mike Smith, who leads the HTML 5 working group.


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"There is a big difference in between XHTML 2 and XHTML," that said.

XHTML is a variation of HTML the is rendered as a subset of Extensible Markup Language (XML) application. Spreading HTML pages into an XML format permits their contents to be parsed much more thoroughly through computers, though making use of XHTML involves much more work top top the component of internet site developers since XML documents need to it is in structurally meaningful in a method that couple of HTML pages are.

Version 2 that XHTML is actually a finish rewrite that the markup language,Smith said. "Basically, the vision that XHTML 2 was to start over and fix every the failure with earlier versions that HTML," the said. "They were successful in , however it never gained market uptake. It never obtained native support in browsers."

Because variation 2 was no backward compatible through version 1, i m sorry is extensively used, few upgraded. XHTML 1, in contrast, is compatible with the existing version of HTML, variation 4.

Current individuals of XHTML 1 have to not have to make any kind of changes, Jones said. The next version of HTML now being developed, HTML 5, will be totally backward compatible with XHTML 1.

"What i tell civilization is do no alters at every to your current workflow. We will certainly forever proceed to support XHTML 1.0 as long as we"re controlling the specification that HTML,"Smith said. (Since HTML 5 has actually not to be codified yet, it have to not be supplied in production systems, the said).

New version of XHTML may not be forthcoming, however.

"XHTML is simply the name for one of the 2 syntaxes that room usable within browsers. All major browsers have actually two parsers — one XML parser and also an HTML parser that can address non-well-formed content,"Smith said. "We"re not adding any specific brand-new features come XHTML. We"ll add brand-new features come the abstract language the underlies both of those syntaxes."

One task that might be impacted by the cancellation that XHTML 2 is a variation of the resource Description Framework dubbed RDFa (the "a" standing because that attributes). Search-engine services, such together Google, deploy RDFa. The impact to RDFa should be minimal, Jones said, due to the fact that RDFa is currently supported by XML.

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"If you are working in XHTML and also if you"re documents are fine formed, you have the right to use RDFa and everything should work as designed," the said.