Water deserve to take countless forms. At low temperatures (below \(0^\texto \textC\)), that is a solid. As soon as at "normal" temperature (between \(0^\texto \textC\) and \(100^\texto \textC\)), it is a liquid. While in ~ temperatures over \(100^\texto \textC\), water is a gas (steam). The state thatwater is in counts upon the temperature. Each state has its own unique set of physical properties. Matter generally exists in among three states: solid, liquid, or gas.

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Plasma: A 4th State of Matter

Technically speaking, a 4th state of matter referred to as plasma exists, but it does not naturally happen on earth, therefore we will omit the from our examine here.

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If the particles of a substance have enough energy to partially conquer intermolecular interactions, climate the particles deserve to move around each various other while staying in contact. This defines the fluid state. In a liquid, the particles are still in near contact, so liquids have a identify volume. However, since the particles can move around each various other rather freely, a liquid has actually no definite shape and takes a form dictated by its container.

Liquids have the complying with characteristics:

No definite form (takes the form of the container). Has actually definite volume. Particles are free to move over each other, yet are still attracted to each other.

A acquainted liquid is mercury metal. Mercury is one anomaly. It is the only steel we understand of the is liquid at room temperature. Mercury likewise has an capacity to rod to chin (surface tension)—a residential or commercial property that all liquids exhibit. Mercury has actually a relatively high surface tension, which provides it an extremely unique. Right here you see mercury in its usual liquid form.

Example \(\PageIndex1\)

What state or states of issue does every statement, describe?

This state has a definite volume, but no definite shape. This state has no definite volume. This state enables the individual corpuscle to move around while continuing to be in contact.

See more: How Do Elements Join To Form Compounds ? How Do Atoms Combine To Make Compounds


This statement describes the fluid state. This statement defines the gas state. This statement defines the liquid state.

Exercise \(\PageIndex1\)