materials of clinical Words source Words suffix Prefixes further Reading

Components of clinical Words

Most medical terms are compound words made up of source wordswhich are merged with prefixes (at the begin of a word) andsuffixes (at the end of a word). For this reason medical state that may atfirst it seems ~ very facility can be broken down into their componentparts to offer you a simple idea of your meaning. For instance theword neuroblastoma

neuro- means nerveblast- relates come immature cells-oma way tumour.

You are watching: Which prefix means within or inside

thus by breaking under a complicated word we have the right to see thatneuroblastoma literally method a tumour made up of immature nervecells.

To take another type of tumour: osteogenic sarcoma

osteo- means bone-genic means creating / causingThus we deserve to see the this is a bone forming tumour.All medical terms have actually a source word. Castle may likewise have aprefix, a suffix, or both a prefix and a suffix.

Prefixes have actually a droppable "o", which acts to affix the prefix to root words which start with a consonant. As a general rule, the "o" is dropped as soon as connecting to a source word beginning with a vowel (a, e, i, i, u).

Etymology is the research of the history of words, their origins, and how their form and meaning have adjusted over time. Most medical words derive from ancient Greek and also Latin.

Root Words

Some examples of root words:-

componentmeaningexampleBLAST- germ, immature cell blastoma = a cancer made of immature cellsCARCIN- cancer carcinogenic = cancer causingCARDIO- love cardiotoxicity = toxicity to the heartCYTO- cabinet cytotoxic = toxicity to the cellDERMA- skin dermatitis = inflammation that the skinHISTIO- tissue histology = research of tissueHEPATI- liver hepatoblastoma = liver cancerMALIGN- negative / harmful malignant = growing, spreadingNEPHRO- kidney nephrotoxic = harmful come the kidneysNEURO- nerves neurob1ast = one immature nerve cellONCO- fixed / tumour oncology = the study of cancerOSTEO- bone / bony tissue osteosarcoma = bone cancerPAED- child paediatric oncology = study of childhood cancerSARCO- tissue sarcoma = tumour the bone, muscle, or connective tissueTOXO- toxicity toxicology = examine of poisons


Some examples of suffixes:-

componentmeaningexample-AEMIA problem of blood leukaemia = cancer that blood cells-ECTOMY excision / remove nephrectomy = excision of a kidney-ITIS inflammation hepatitis = inflammation that the liver-OLOGY research / science of cytology = the study of cells-OMA tumour retinoblastoma = tumour that the eye-PATHY disease neuropathy = condition of the nervous system-OSIS disease /condition necrosis = dice cells


Some instances of prefixes:-

componentmeaningexampleAN-, A- there is no / absence of anaemia = absence of red blood cellsAB- away from abnormal = away from the normalAD- near / toward adrenal gland = gland close to to the kidneyBI- two / both bilateral Wilm"s = tumour in both kidneysDYS- difficult / pains dysfunction = not working properlyECTO- exterior ectopic pregnancy = exterior the uterine cavityENDO- within endoscope = an instrument to look inside the body cavities or organsEPI- ~ above epidermis = the outer layer that skinHYPER- extreme / above hyperglycaemia = excessive blood sugar levelsHYPO- in ~ / listed below hypodermic = injection below the skinINTER- between intercostal = in between the ribsINTRA- within / within intravenous = into a veinPARA- beside, about, close to parathyroid = beside the thyroid glandPERI- approximately pericardium = membrane about the heartPRE- before prenatal = before birthPOST- after write-up surgical phase = stage after surgerySUB- under / listed below submucosa = tissue below mucus membraneSYN- along with syndrome = group of symptoms emerging together

Further reading (4 links)

The chapters about the body equipment in this guide encompass further instances of roots, prefixes and suffixes. Right here are some extr resources:

List of clinical roots, suffixes and also prefixes

WikipediaAn comprehensive list of roots, suffixes and prefixes, v examples.

Medical Etymology

Emory UniversityAn substantial list that terms through their language the origin.

See more: How Many Gallons Are In A Pint S In A Gallon, Convert Pints To Gallons (Pt To Gal)

Medical Terminology course

Des Moines UniversityFree virtual course.

Roots, Prefixes, suffix - self Test inquiries

WebAnatomy, university of Minnesota

This overview by Simon Cotterill

First created 4th March 1996Last modified: 1st February 2014

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