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Was Alexander the great really great?
A an excellent conqueror, in 13 quick years the amassed the largest realm in the entire old world — realm that extended 3,000 miles. And also he did this without the benefit of modern technology and weaponry. In his day, troop activities were mainly on foot, and communications were confront to face. Not poor for a son who came to be the King the Macedon at the age of 20.Many of Alexander"s success were made possible by his father, Philip that Macedon. Macedon, i beg your pardon existed approximately where the modern country the Macedonia lies today, to be a kingdom situated that place geographically phibìc of the Greek city-states.
In 338 B.C.E., King Philip of Macedon invaded and also conquered the Greek city-states. Philip took advantage of the reality that the Greek city-states were separated by year of squabbling and infighting. Philip thrived in law what year of fighting between city-states had not done. He unified Greece.
Conquering the World
Philip"s following goal to be to defeat Greece"s age-old adversary to the east: Persia. For years, the massive Persian empire threatened the really existence that the Greek method of life. But prior to he to be able to pursue his 2nd goal, Philip to be assassinated.
When his son, Alexander, took the throne in 336 B.C.E., the vowed to finish the plans of his father. In 334 B.C.E., Alexander got into Persia, i beg your pardon lay across the Aegean Sea in Asia minor (modern-day Turkey).
After 3 grueling years of warfare and three decisive battles, Alexander smashed the Persian militaries at the Tigris River and conquered the mighty Persian Empire, including the legendary city of Babylon. For countless Greeks, this victory significant a minute of sweet revenge versus a bitter foe.
At this point, at the period of 25, Alexander ruled an expansive empire. Nevertheless, his ambitions were not satisfied. While fighting the Persians, Alexander dominated Egypt and founded a city at the mouth the the Nile River. This city, i m sorry he named Alexandria after ~ himself, ended up being a cosmopolitan, diverse, bustling center of trade, the arts, and also ideas.
But Alexander was not done. He ongoing his campaign, driving farther east, till he got to India and the Indus river in 326 B.C.E. In ~ this point, his worn down troops refuse to fight further. Castle told Alexander the a truly an excellent leader knows as soon as it is time to prevent fighting.
Without the assistance of his army, Alexander had no an option but to turn earlier and begin consolidating and organizing his far-flung empire. On his method home, Alexander died from an illness in 323 B.C.E.
Alexander in Hindsight
Alexander the Great"s legacy is both far reaching and profound. First, his father was able to unite the Greek city-states, and Alexander destroyed the Persian realm forever. Much more importantly, Alexander"s occupations spread Greek culture, additionally known together Hellenism, across his empire.
In fact, Alexander"s reign significant the beginning of a brand-new era known as the Hellenistic Age due to the fact that of the an effective influence that Greek culture had on various other people. Without Alexander"s ambition, Greek principles and society might well have remained confined to Greece.
Many historians see Alexander the great in a various light. Although Alexander to be both intelligent and also handsome, he also had a darker side. He possessed a ferocious temper and also from time come time would arbitrarily killing close advisors and also even friends. Also, toward the end of his countless campaigns, he senselessly slaughtered thousands whose only crime to be being in his way.Was Alexander the an excellent really great?
Alexander the Great"s WebsiteThis website offers a wealth of details on Alexander the Great. Essays, maps, timelines, and images abound. Find the save by keyword, or browse the paragraphs to find what you"re spring for.
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Alexander the GreatAlexander the great knew Homer"s Iliad through heart and slept through a copy of the under his pillow every night. He adopted the hero Achilles together his role model, that Alexander declared was an ancestor that his. This interesting fact about Alexander is only one of plenty of that friend will uncover on this comprehensive webpage, which includes tons of pictures and links to connected websites.
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