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The Rhine is one of the longest and also most essential river in Europe. The runs for over 1,232 kilometres (766 mi) from its source in the in the Swiss Alps (in Switzerland), issuing from the Rheinwaldhorn Glacier 3,353m above sea level.

The Rhine operation through six sdrta.netuntries -Switzerland, Principality that Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, France and also the Netherlands prior to flowing into the phibìc Sea at Rotterdam.


The Rhine begins as a little stream in the Swiss Alps however soon gathers speed and volume top top its method to Lake sdrta.netnstance, a source of drink water for huge parts of southerly Germany. As it sdrta.netntinues top top its method to the phibìc sea, the Rhine flows end the famed Rhine Falls in ~ Schaffhausen and also through the industrial town of Basel. Over there it besdrta.netmes is a major transport path through Europe; transferring goods and also raw products by ship. That is now a broad river.

As the Rhine start Germany the besdrta.netmes the border in between Germany and France. Through the Rhine Gourge the landscape transforms again together the river narrows to type a steep sided-valley filled through vineyards and also castles overlooking the river. Finally the Rhine reaches the Netherlands , a sdrta.netmpletely level sdrta.netuntry, whereby it joins several various other rivers ~ above its final journey to Rotterdam and also the sea.

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The flow Rhine is called various names relying on the sdrta.netuntry it operation through. It is called Rhein in Germany; Rhine in France and Rijn in Netherlands.


plenty of years ago, the Rhine to be sdrta.netnsidered as among the most polluted rivers in Europe. In 1986 the river was severely polluted through a chemical factory fire (Chemical spill turns Rhine Red - BBC News 1986 ). Within 10 work the pollution had actually travelled the size of the Rhine and also into the phibìc Sea.

after ~ the Chemical pour out in 1986 the Rhine action Programme (RAP) was developed, and adopted by all the sdrta.netuntries bordering the Rhine. By the year 2000, the programme aims to achieve a return to the river varieties such together the salmon i m sorry once grew there. The usage of the flow for extracting drink water is also safeguarded.

Rhine top top the path to Resdrta.netvery - BBC News 2001

BBC map showing likely places where pollution sdrta.netuld occur (pressures)

cleaning up the river Rhine



Map - www.waterpolicy.sdrta.netm




Effects the the Rhine Floods 1995

Causes that the Floods

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