The Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) is the state bird of salso states: Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, North Carolina, Ohio, Virginia and West Virginia.

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An amazing truth is, unprefer many North American songbirds, both male and also female Cardinals sing.

Also, both male and also female birds willfiercely defend their reproduction area, which you might have actually experienced as odd habits. If they view their reflection in a home window or mirror (as on a automobile rearcheck out mirror or a metal bumper) they will assault the object, believing that their reflection is another Cardinal intruding into their region.

The Northern Cardinal is sometimes dubbed the Winter Redbird bereason it is most noticeable in the time of the winter when it is the just "redbird" present.

Amerihave the right to Ornithologists" Union (AOU) Typical Name: Northern Cardinal Family: Cardinalidae, Cardinals Scientific name: Cardinalis cardinalis Length: 8.75" (22 cm) Diet: Primarily insects, yet also seeds & fruit. Voice: Track a series of high, clear, sharp, largely slurred whistles woit woit woit woit chew chew chew chew chew or pichew pichew tiw tiw tiw tiw tiw; many kind of variations. Call a high, tough tik; likewise a softer, rising twik. Habitat: Woodland edges, thickets, submetropolitan gardens, communities, swamps. Displays: Male and female through outextended necks and erect crests sway bodies from side to side while singing softly. Number of broods: 2, 3, periodically 4 broods. Nest: In tree sapling, 1-15" over ground; compact and also well lined to flimsy and scarcely lined; of weed stems, pliable twigs, bark strips, grass rootlets, through leaves and paper interwstove, lined with fine grass, hair. Eggs: Averages 3-4 grayish-, bluish-, greenish-white eggs, marked through browns, grays, purples. 1.0" (25 mm). Incubation period: 12-13 days Fledge: 9-10 days after hatching Longevity Record: 15 Years and also 9 months (according to USGS Bird Banding Lab)

Male and Female Northern Cardinal Pair Feeding Nestlings

Illinois Birds


In 1928, Illinois institution children schosen the cardinal as the State Bird of Illinois. The General Assembly made that designation main in 1929.

Indiana Birds


The cardinal was adopted as the State Bird of Indiana by the 1933 General Assembly (Indiana Code 1-2-8).

Kentucky Birds


The Cardinal ended up being the State Bird of Kentucky in the time of the legislative session in 1926 .

North Carolina Birds


The Cardinal was selected by renowned option as the North Carolina State Bird on March 4, 1943. (Session Laws, 1943. c. 595; G.S. 145-2)

Ohio Birds


The Cardinal was asserted as the Ohio State Bird (Ohio Revised Code, General Provisions, Chapter 5 State Insignia: 5.03. Official State Bird).

Virginia Birds


The Northern Cardinal was adopted as the main Virginia State Bird on January 25, 1950.

West Virginia Birds


The cardinal was made the main West Virginia State Bird by House Concurrent Resolution No. 12, adopted by the Legislature on March 7, 1949, authorizing a vote by pupils of public schools and also public institutions.

50 State Birds Page

More indevelopment around the Northern Cardinal, its life history, song, identification deserve to be foundbelow.

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