The department is a technique of distributing a group of things into equal parts. It is just one of the four simple operations that arithmetic, which gives a fair result of sharing.

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The division is an procedure inverse of multiplication. If 3 teams of 4 make 12 in multiplication; 12 divided into 3 equal groups offer 4 in each group in division.

The main goal of the division is to see how numerous equal teams or how many in each team when share fairly.

For example:

There room 16 balls and also 4 boxes, exactly how to placed 16 balls into four equal sized boxes?


So, 16 separated by 4 =?


Therefore, 4 balls have to be maintained in every box.

Mathematical notation for division

There room various indications which have the right to be provided to indicate department such as ÷, /.

For example:

8 ÷ 28/2

Special names for each character in Division

Each part involved in a division equation has a unique name.

Dividend ÷ divisor = quotient

Dividend: The dividend is the number the is being divided in the department process.

Divisor:The number through which dividend is being separated by is referred to as divisor.

Quotient: A quotient is a an outcome obtained in the division process.

18 ÷ 3 = 6


Dividend divisor quotient

So, in the above process where we separated 16 balls right into 4 equal groups;

The dividend is 16, the divisor is 4 and thus the quotient is 4.

Introduction come the remainder

The remainder is the portion of the dividend that is left over after division. For example, on splitting 83 by 2, there is a leftover of 1.

It means, 83 ÷ 2 = 41 and r =1,

Here, ‘r’ is remainder.

Special facts around division

When dividing something through 1, the answer will always be the initial number. It method if the divisor is 1, the quotient will always be equal to the dividend such as 10 ÷ 1= 10.

Division by 0 is undefined.

The department of the very same dividend and divisor is always 1. For example: 4 ÷ 4 = 1.

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Fun Facts about the division

The slope bar supplied as a sign in division process was presented by De Morgan in 1845.