Iodine

aspect 53 of regular table is Iodine with atomic number 53, atomic load 126.90447. Iodine, price I, has actually a Base focused Orthorhombic structure and also SlateGray color. Iodine is a halogens element. Trivial name of Iodine is halogens*. Recognize everything around Iodine Facts, physics Properties, chemistry Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Iodine is a chemical aspect with prize I and atomic number 53. The surname is from Greek ἰοειδής ioeidēs, an interpretation violet or purple, as result of the shade of iodine vapor. Iodine and its compound are generally used in nutrition, and industrially in the manufacturing of acetic acid and particular polymers.

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Iodine Facts

Read key information and facts around element Iodine

surname Iodine
atomic Number 53
atom Symbol I
Atomic load 126.90447
step Solid
color SlateGray
Classification halogens
team in routine Table 17
Group Name fluorine household
duration in periodic Table 5
Block in routine Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 4d10 5s2 5p5
Melting suggest 113.7 °C
Boiling suggest 184.3 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 18, 18, 7>
CAS Number CAS7553-56-2

community
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

explore our interactive regular table


How to locate Iodine on periodic Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atom number, variety of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is very same as number of electrons. The atom number boosts from left to right. Regular table beginning at optimal left ( atom number 1) and also ends at bottom ideal (atomic number 118). Because of this you can straight look for atomic number 53 to discover Iodine on regular table.

Another way to read routine table and locate an element is by using group number (column) and period number (row). To find Iodine on periodic table look because that cross ar of team 17 and period 5 in the modern periodic table.

explore Interactive routine Table to Understand and also Learn Cool trends

Table that Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Databases
Compare Iodine with various other elements

Iodine History

The aspect Iodine was uncovered by boy name Courtois in year 1811 in France . Iodine acquired its surname from French iode (after the Greek ioeides, "violet")

Iodine Presence: diversity in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the abundance of Iodine in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
variety in world 1×10-7%
abundance in sunlight N/A
variety in Meteorites 2.5e-07
Abundance in Earth"s tardy 4.9e-07
diversity in seas 6×10-6%
abundance in humans 2e-07

Crystal structure of Iodine

The hard state structure of Iodine is Base focused Orthorhombic.

The decision structure have the right to be explained in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats itself in 3 dimensional space to kind the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cabinet is represented in regards to its lattice parameters, which are the lengths that the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
718.02 471.02 981.03 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The location of the atoms inside the unit cabinet are defined by the set of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the crystal are explained by the principle of room groups. All possible symmetric species of corpuscle in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 an are groups (219 unique types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are taken into consideration distinct.

room Group name Cmca
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an are Group Number 64
Crystal framework Base centered Orthorhombic

Iodine Atomic and Orbital Properties

Iodine atoms have actually 53 electrons and the electronic shell structure is <2, 8, 18, 18, 7> v Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P3/2.


atomic Number 53
Number of electrons (with no charge) 53
Number that Protons 53
Mass Number 127
Number of Neutrons 74
Shell framework (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 18, 18, 7>
Electron construction 4d10 5s2 5p5
Valence Electrons 5s2 5p5
Oxidation State -1 1;3;4;5;6;7
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P3/2

Shell framework of Iodine - electrons per energy level


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Ground State digital Configuration that Iodine - neutral Iodine atom

The soil state electronic configuration that Neutral Iodine atom is 4d10 5s2 5p5. The part of Iodine configuration the is indistinguishable to the noble gas that the coming before period, is abbreviated together . For atoms with numerous electrons, this notation have the right to become lengthy and for this reason an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is the Valence electrons 4d10 5s2 5p5, electrons in the outermost shell that recognize the chemical properties of the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration of neutral Iodine

Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Iodine atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p5

Atomic structure of Iodine

Iodine atom radius is 115 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 133 pm.

atomic Radius

115 afternoon (1.15 Å)

Atomic Volume 25.6891639676 cm3
Covalent Radius 133 afternoon (1.33 Å)
valve der Waals Radius 198 pm
ghost Cross ar 6.2 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum of Iodine

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Iodine chemical Properties: Iodine Ionization Energies and also electron affinity

The electron affinity the Iodine is 295.2 kJ/mol

Valence 7
Electronegativity 2.66
ElectronAffinity 295.2 kJ/mol

Ionization power of Iodine

Refer come table listed below for Ionization energies of Iodine

Ionization energy number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 1008.4
2 1845.9
3 3180

Iodine physics Properties

Refer to below table for Iodine physical Properties

density 4.94 g/cm3
Molar Volume 25.6891639676 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
mass Modulus 7.7 GPa
Poisson ratio N/A

Hardness the Iodine - exam to measure of Hardness the Element

Mohs Hardness N/A
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A

Iodine electric Properties

Iodine is Insulator that electricity. Describe table below for the electrical properties of Iodine

electrical Conductivity 1×10-7 S/m
Resistivity 1×107 m Ω
Superconducting allude N/A

Iodine Heat and also Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 0.449 W/(m K)
Thermal expansion N/A

Iodine Magnetic Properties

Magnetic type Diamagnetic
Curie suggest N/A
massive Magnetic Susceptibility -4.5×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -1.14×10-9
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -2.22e-05

Optical properties of Iodine

Refractive index N/A

Acoustic nature of Iodine

rate of Sound N/A

Iodine heat Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer come table listed below for thermal properties the Iodine

Melting point 386.85 K (113.7 °C)
Boiling suggest 457.4 K (184.3 °C)
critical Temperature 819 K
Superconducting allude N/A

Enthalpies the Iodine

warmth of fusion 7.76 kJ/mol
warm of Vaporization 20.9 kJ/mol
warmth of burning N/A

Iodine isotopes - atom Properties that Iodine

Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally occurring Iodine has actually 1 steady isotope - 127I.


Isotope Isotope mass % abundance T half Decay setting
108I
109I
110I
111I
112I
113I
114I
115I
116I
117I
118I
119I
120I
121I
122I
123I
124I
125I
126I
127I 100% steady N/A
128I
129I
130I
131I
132I
133I
134I
135I
136I
137I
138I
139I
140I
141I
142I
143I
144I

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7553-56-2
RTECS Number RTECSNN1575000
dot Hazard course 8
dot Numbers 1759
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 0
NFPA risks N/A
NFPA health Rating 3
NFPA Reactivity Rating 0
Autoignition allude N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

perform of distinctive identifiers to find the aspect in various chemical it is registered databases

Database id number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts organization (CAS) CAS7553-56-2
CID Number CID807
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSNN1575000

Compare Iodine through all Group 17 elements

Iodine vs Fluorine Iodine vs Chlorine Iodine vs Bromine Iodine vs Astatine Iodine vs Tennessine

Compare Iodine v all halogens elements

Iodine vs Fluorine Iodine vs Chlorine Iodine vs Bromine Iodine vs Astatine Iodine vs Tennessine