Ribose and deoxyribose are simple sugars uncovered in life things. Spotting the difference in between deoxyribose and also ribose structure can be quite difficult.

You are watching: What is the difference between ribose and deoxyribose

The core difference in between deoxyribose and ribose is that ribose is a pentose monosaccharide found on RNA if deoxyribose is a monosaccharide that participates in the formation of DNA.


What Is Deoxyribose?

Deoxyribose is a an easy sugar the participates in the development of DNA. It has a chemistry formula the C5H10O4. The straightforward sugar is developed after the lose of oxygen atom.

The simple sugar has actually two enantiomers such together D-2-deoxyribose and L-2-deoxyribose. D-2-deoxyribose occurs in nature and also it is the key precursor that the nucleic acid DNA.

What Is Ribose?

Ribose is an necessary compound found in the RNA. It has actually a chemical formula the C5H10O5. The two enantiomers room D-ribose and L-ribose. D-ribose is responsible to happen in nature wherein ribose β-D-ribofuranose is responsible for RNA formation.

See more: Are Double D Is Double Replacement A Redox Reaction S Be Redox Reactions?

Read More: Difference in between Reducing and Non-Reducing Sugar

Comparison Chart: Deoxyribose Vs Ribose

Basic state Deoxyribose Ribose
MeaningIt is a monosaccharide offered in the development of DNAIt is a pentose sugar uncovered in the RNA
Chemical FormulaC5H10O4C5H10O5
Molar Mass134.13 g·mol−1150.13 g/mol
IUPAC name2-deoxy-D-ribose(2S,3R,4S,5R)-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolane-2,3,4-triol
HistoryDiscovered in 1929 by Phoebus LeveneDiscovered in 1891 by Emil Fischer
Alternative Name2-deoxy-D-erythro-pentose, thymineD-Ribose
StructureHydroxyl (OH) group at position 2Hydrogen (H) atom at position 2
Found inDNARNA
Biological importanceThe key backbone the DNAThe key backbone that RNA

Core Differences in between Deoxyribose and Ribose 

Deoxyribose has a chemistry formula that C5H10O4 while that of ribose is C5H10O5The IUPAC surname of deoxyribose is 2-deoxy-D-ribose while the of ribose is (2S,3R,4S,5R)-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolane-2,3,4-triolThe framework of deoxyribose has hydroxyl (OH) team at place 2 while the of ribose has a hydrogen (H) atom at position 2The molar fixed of deoxyribose is 134.13 g/mol when ribose is 150.13 g/molThe alternate name of deoxyribose is 2-deoxy-D-erythro-pentose while that of ribose is D-RiboseDeoxyribose was found in 1929 through Phoebus Levene when ribose was discovered in 1891 Emil FischerDeoxyribose is uncovered in DNA when ribose is uncovered in RNA

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Comparison Video


The main difference in between ribose and also deoxyribose is that ribose is a simple sugar found in RNA when deoxyribose is a monosaccharide used in hereditary formation. The main point acids uncovered in deoxyribose and also ribose are quite an essential for life organisms.