When we talk of the author’s purpose we room referring come the why behind their writing. What motivated the author to produce their work? What is your intent and also what do they hope to achieve?

The author’s function is the reason they chose to write about something in the an initial place.

You are watching: What is the author’s purpose in writing "a modest proposal"?

There are plenty of reasons a writer put pen come paper. It’s crucial that our students possess the important tools for identifying these miscellaneous reasons and also intents.

Being may be to identify the author’s purpose accurately is absolutely necessary if the college student is to efficiently evaluate a piece of writing.


Depending on who you speak to as soon as the concern is raised about how many types of author’s function there are, you’ll generally be quoted a number varying from roughly 3 to around 7.

A great starting point for students start to learn much more about the different varieties of authors’ objective is, to begin with, the main 3: come persuade, come inform, and to entertain. These can easily be remembered v the PIE acronym.

However, this 3 represent only an introduction. In the understanding of extending the object a little much more comprehensively, us will specify 5 different species of author’s purpose, look at some instances of every in use, and give a few pointers beneficial in identify them.






An entire unit top top THE AUTHOR’S PURPOSE awaits you. Certain no prep required. This editable PowerPoint bundle provides you with a proven source based on research skills, writing strategies and also engaging content. The bundle includes65 PAGES OF:

Suggested accuse / teaching Instructables
PowerPoint, publish & Google Slides Version
Author’s objective Graphic Organizers
Author’s purpose Bookmarks
Author’s objective Posters & Printables
Author’s Purpose everyday Quick Writes



Definition: This is a an extremely common function of writing, specifically in nonfiction writing. When a message is written to guide it will aim to convince the reader of the merits the a particular point of view. With this kind of writing the writer will effort to sway the reader to agree through this suggest of watch and/or consequently take a certain course of action.

Examples: This purpose have the right to be discovered in every kinds the writing. That can also be in fiction writing once the writer has one agenda, whether consciously or unconsciously. However, that is most commonly the an ideas behind essays, advertisements, and political writing such as speeches and propaganda.

How come Identify: To determine when the author’s function is to persuade, students have to ask themselves if they feel the writer is make the efforts to get them to think something or take a details action. Castle should find out to recognize the various tactics and strategies offered in persuasive creating such together repetition, various species of sustaining evidence, hyperbole, attack opposing viewpoints, forceful phrases, emotive imagery and photographs etc.

We have a finish guide come persuasive writing right here if girlfriend would favor to find out more.


Definition: once an author’s function is to inform, they normally wish to enlighten your readership around a real-world topic. Often, they will execute this by providing lots that facts. Informational texts are geared towards imparting details to the reader v the objective of educating lock on a offered topic.

Examples: Many types of school publications are written with the express objective of informing the reader. Included to textbooks, we additionally have encyclopedias, recipe books, and also newspapers.

How to Identify: In the procedure of informing the reader, the writer will manipulate facts and also this is one surefire way to spot the intent to inform.

However, once the author’s function is persuasion lock will likewise be likely to carry out the reader with some facts in an effort to to convince the reader of the merits that their specific case. The main difference in between the two different ways facts space employed is that, when the intention is come inform, facts are presented only to teach the reader. When the author’s objective is come persuade, lock will generally mask your opinions amid the facts.

Students must become adept at recognizing ‘hidden’ opinions with practice. Teach your students to beware that persuasion masquerading as information!

IF you would like to learn more about composing an info report be certain to read our complete guide here.


Definition: when an author’s chief objective is to game the leader they will certainly endeavour to keep things as amazing as possible. Things happen in publications that are written to entertain, whether in the kind of one action-packed plot, inventive characterizations, or spicy dialogue.

Examples: not surprisingly, a an excellent deal the fiction is written v the aim of entertaining, specifically genre fiction. For example, we uncover entertaining instances in science fiction, romance, and fantasy – to name however a few.

How come Identify: as soon as a writer is attempting to entertain or amuse the reader they will use a selection of techniques to connect their attention. They might employ cliffhangers at the end of a chapter, for example. They might weave humour right into their story, or even have personalities tell jokes. In the instance of a thriller, one action-packed scene may follow one action-packed scene as the drama builds to a crescendo. Think that the melodrama that a soap opera here, rather than the subtle touch of one art house masterpiece.


Definition: when writers write to explain, they want to call the reader exactly how to carry out something or reveal to them just how something works. This type of composing is around communicating a method or a process.

Examples: Writing v the purpose of explaining deserve to be uncovered in instructions, step-by-step guides, procedural outlines, and also recipes.

 How to Identify: often you will discover this kind of creating organized into bulleted or numbered points. Together it focuses on informing the reader just how to carry out something, frequently lots of imperatives will certainly be supplied within the writing. Diagrams and illustrations are regularly used come reinforce the message explanations too.

Read our finish guide come explanatory texts here.


Definition: frequently writers will usage words to explain something in much more detail 보다 be conveyed in a photo alone. After ~ all, they to speak ‘a snapshot paints a thousand words and also text can aid get us beyond the one-dimensional illustration of things.

Examples: we can discover lots of descriptive writing in apparent places like brief stories, novels and also other creates of fiction wherein the writer wishes to repaint a photo in the reader’s imagination. We can also find numerous writing through the objective of summary in nonfiction also – in product descriptions or descriptive essays, because that example.

See more: Crest Pro Health Cinnamon Toothpaste Discontinued, Crest Pro Health Cinnamon Discontinued

How come Identify: In the case of fiction writing which describes, the leader will an alert the writer using lots of sensory details in the text. Our senses are exactly how we awareness the human being and, to describe their imaginary world, authors will attract heavily on language the appeals to these senses. In both fiction and nonfiction, reader will notification the writer will rely heavily on adjective in their writing.