In this short guide, we will cover the following topics because that ‘contestar’ in Spanish:How to usage ‘Contestar’ in Spanish
What walk ‘Contestar’ mean?
Definition – ‘Contestar’ way ‘to answer’ or ‘to respond’ to a question, demand or declare that an additional person made. In other contexts, contestar describes the someone replied to an additional person in a negative or disrespectful way.
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In Spanish, ‘contestar’ has two main uses. Notification that, depending upon the context that is gift used, this word might have slightly different translations:If referring to answering or responding come a question or statement, contestar means ‘to answer’ or ‘to respond’.When describing the someone responded in a poor manner, ‘contestar’ way ‘to answer back’ or ‘to reply’.
In Spanish, ‘contestar’ is a regular verb. As a result, when you have derived the stem by deleting the -AR finishing of the verb (contest-), you’ll add the particular tense endings. Be mindful that both future and conditional tenses don’t work-related with a stem, however rather with the verb in that is infinitive type (contestar), therefore there’s no must remove the -AR ending.
In the link charts listed below you can check the matching endings for each tense and subject.
Present it s too dirty conjugation
|Él / Ella / Usted||contesta||He/She answers|
|Ustedes / Ellos / Ellas||contestan||They/You answer|
Preterite it s too dirty conjugation
|Él / Ella / Usted||contestó||He/She answered|
|Ustedes / Ellos / Ellas||contestaron||They/You answered|
Imperfect it is too dirty conjugation
|Él / Ella / Usted||contestaba||He/She answered|
|Ustedes / Ellos / Ellas||contestaban||They/You answered|
Future it is too dirty conjugation
Remember that, in order come conjugate both the conditional and future tenses, you’ll store the infinitive form ‘contestar’. ~ that, the next step is to include the endings according to each pronoun and also tense.
|Yo||contestaré||I will answer|
|Tú||contestarás||You will answer|
|Él / Ella / Usted||contestará||He/She will answer|
|Nosotros||contestaremos||We will certainly answer|
|Vosotros||contestaréis||You will answer|
|Ustedes / Ellos / Ellas||contestarán||They/You will answer|
Conditional tense conjugation
|Yo||contestaría||I would answer|
|Tú||contestarías||You would answer|
|Él / Ella / Usted||contestaría||He/She would certainly answer|
|Nosotros||contestaríamos||We would answer|
|Vosotros||contestaríais||You would answer|
|Ustedes / Ellos / Ellas||contestarían||They/You would certainly answer|
Espero que hayas contestado el teléfono.I hope that you had answer the phone.
Si hubieras contestado todas las preguntas, no habría reprobado el examen.If you had actually answered all the questions, girlfriend wouldn’t have failed the test.
Notice the the imperative form also works through the regular stem ‘contest’. Remember that each subject has a various ending that you deserve to see underlined in the table below.
Take Note: when using the an adverse imperative in Spanish, psychic to usage the present subjunctive conjugations and also like most an adverse sentences, include the indigenous No prior to the verb.
No contesten el teléfono, no sabemos quién es.Do not answer the phone, us don’t know who that is.
How to use ‘Contestar’ in Spanish v Examples
There is one key use that the verb ‘contestar’ in Spanish:To say ‘to answer’Express that someone reply in a poor way
In the next sections, I’ll show you just how to use the verb ‘contestar’ in Spanish. In enhancement to explaining the meanings, okay also administer you with examples and phrase structures that you can use to use this verb correctly.
To to speak ‘to answer’
Translated as ‘to answer’ or ‘to respond’, contestar is used to express that someone answers, responds or replies come a question, explain or request. Notification that, depending upon the facets that you’re functioning with, you might use among the adhering to phrase structures:
<‘Contestar’ conjugated> + (determiner) +
Contesten ras preguntas, tienen tiempo suficiente.Answer the questions, girlfriend have enough time.
Si hubiera contestado esa pregunta, habría aprobado el examen.If i had reply that question, ns would have actually approved the exam.
Le escribí un correo electrónico y contestó 10 minutos después.I wrote him an email and he replied 10 minutes later.
If instead, you want to emphasize to whom you’re responding to, you’ll must use the following structure. Notice that the preposition ‘a’ introduces the human that you’re referring to. The course, this information have the right to be skip if it’s already clear:
Contéstale a Karla, dare está llamando.Answer Karla, she is phone call you.
Carlos no me contesta, creo que sigue molesto.Carlos is no answering me, i think he’s still mad.
No le the contestado a María, en unos minutos le respondo.I haven’t responded to Maria, ok respond to her in a few minutes.
Take Note: Given that it’s the direct translation of ‘to answer’, in Spanish, we additionally use contestar when introduce to answering the phone. In this case, this verb can be interpreted either as ‘to pick up’ or ‘to answer’.
No conozco ese número, no contestaré.I don’t recognize this number, i won’t choose it up.
Express the someone reply in a bad way
Another usual use the the verb ‘contestar’ is to define that someone is answering or replying to one more person in a really bad or disrespectful way. In this context, ‘contestar’ way ‘to answer’, ‘to price back’ or ‘to speak back’ and also you normally follow the exact same structure because that this meaning:
¡A mí no me contestes así!Do no answer me that way!
Julieta le contestaba a su mamá todo el tiempo.Julieta talked back to her mom all the time.
¡Qué groseros child esos niños! Siempre le contestan a la maestra.How rude those youngsters are! They’re constantly talking back to the teacher.
Take Note: Notice that in examples #2 and #3 we usage the preposition ‘a’ to present the human that the topic is talking back to. We execute this either if we want to emphasize our sentence or if this details wasn’t clean for every people involved in the conversation.
Contestar expressions & Idioms
There are expressions in Spanish that you have the right to use to get a depths knowledge and understanding that how and also when to usage contestar in your everyday conversations. By doing this, you’ll enhance your interaction skills, and also you will rise your vocabulary.
Contestar miradas: This expression is provided when two world “communicate v looks” and not with words. It deserve to be analyzed as ‘answer with a look’ or ‘answer v your eyes’.
Contestar con evasivas: Translated together ‘to hedge’ or ‘to deflect’ in Spanish, this expression is used when a human answers evasively or stays clear of the main point of a conversation.
Contestar al aire: This expression is used when someone gives response without actually understanding what they space saying or v indifference. It can be interpreted as ’to prize randomly’.
Synonyms of ‘Contestar’ in Spanish
Responder: It way ‘to respond’. Together a result, in Spanish, this verb can also be used rather of ‘contestar’ as soon as talking around answering a inquiry or reaction to an action performed through others.
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Replicar: In a an ext formal contest, this verb also way to say something in response to miscellaneous someone has actually said. That the straight translation is ‘to replicate’, yet in this context, it is analyzed as ‘to reply’.