What is Multiplication?

Multiplication, among the four simple operations the arithmetic, provides the an outcome of combining groups of same sizes.

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Here each group has 3 ice creams, and there space two together groups. So, there are 2 times 3 or 3 + 3 or 6 ice cream creams in total. In various other words, multiplication is repetitive addition.

Multiplication is stood for by the indicators cross ‘×’, asterisk ‘*’ or period ‘·’. Once we multiply 2 numbers, the answer we acquire is referred to as ‘product’. The number of objects in each team is dubbed ‘multiplicand,’ and the number of such equal teams is referred to as ‘multiplier’.

For example:

3 × 7 = 7 + 7 + 7 = 21

5 × 6 = 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 = 30


In the offered image, 4 flowers have actually 8 petals each. To discover the total variety of petals, we can multiply the variety of flowers through the number of petals in each flower. Thus, the multiplicand is 8, the multiplier is 4, and also the product is 4 × 8 or 32. That is, there room 32 petals in all.


Multiplication utilizing number line

Representing a multiplication explain on a number line have the right to be done by acquisition jumps the multiplier number of times, of size equivalent to the multiplicand native zero.

For example:

4 × 2 = 8


Properties that multiplication

Commutative Property: when we multiply 2 numbers, the bespeak doesn’t matter. Because that numbers a and b, a × b = b × a.

Associative Property: for numbers a, b, and also c, (a × b) × c = a × (b × c).

Distributive Property: for numbers a, b, and also c, a × (b + c) = (a × b) + (a × c).

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Fun Facts:

If we multiply a number through 1, the product stays the exact same number. 1 is the identity facet under multiplication.If we multiply a number by 0, the product is zero.