Anemia is a problem in i beg your pardon the body does not have sufficient healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells carry out oxygen to human body tissues.

You are watching: To destroy worn-out red blood cells and to liberate hemoglobin

Normally, red blood cells critical for about 120 job in the body. In hemolytic anemia, red blood cell in the blood are destroyed earlier than normal.

The bone marrow is mainly responsible because that making brand-new red cells. Bone marrow is the soft tissue in the center of bones the helps type all blood cells.

Hemolytic anemia occurs once the bone marrow isn"t making enough red cell to change the people that space being destroyed.

There space several feasible causes of hemolytic anemia. Red blood cells may be damaged due to:

Exposure to specific chemicals, medicines, and toxinsInfectionsBlood clots in small blood vesselsTransfusion that blood indigenous a donor with a blood kind that does not match yours

You may not have symptoms if the anemia is mild. If the problem creates slowly, the an initial symptoms might be:

Feeling weak or tired much more often 보다 usual, or v exerciseFeelings that your heart is pounding or racingHeadachesProblems concentrating or thinking

If the anemia gets worse, symptoms might include:

Lightheadedness once you stand upPale skinSore tongueEnlarged spleen

A test dubbed a finish blood count (CBC) can help diagnose anemia and offer some clues to the kind and cause of the problem. Essential parts the the CBC encompass red blood cell count (RBC), hemoglobin, and also hematocrit (HCT).

These tests deserve to identify the type of hemolytic anemia:

Hemosiderin in the urine

Treatment depends on the form and reason of the hemolytic anemia:

In emergencies, a blood transfusion may be needed.For immune causes, drugs that suppress the immune system may be used.When blood cells space being ruined at a quick pace, the body may need extra folic acid and iron supplements to replace what is being lost.

In rare cases, surgical procedure is essential to take the end the spleen. This is due to the fact that the spleen acts as a filter that clears abnormal cell from the blood.

Outcome depends on the type and cause of hemolytic anemia. Significant anemia deserve to make heart disease, lung disease, or cerebrovascular disease worse.

Brodsky RA. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. In: Hoffman R, Benz EJ, Silberstein LE, et al, eds. Hematology: an easy Principles and also Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 31.

Gallagher PG. Hemolytic anemias: red blood cell membrane and also metabolic defects. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 152.

Kumar V, Abbas AK, Aster JC. Hematopoietic and lymphoid systems. In: Kumar V, Abbas AK, Aster JC, eds. Robbins simple Pathology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 12.

Updated by: Todd Gersten, MD, Hematology/Oncology, Florida Cancer specialists & study Institute, Wellington, FL. Review detailed by VeriMed health care Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, clinical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and also the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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