What is Barium nitrate?

Ba(NO3)2 is an inorganic compound with chemical name Barium nitrate. The is likewise called Barium dinitrate or Nitrobarite or Barium salt. It is a good oxidizing agent, burns v a environment-friendly coloured flame. The is widely offered in pyrotechnics.

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Nitrobarite is a crystalline hard white in colour. The is a non-combustible compound, but enhances the burning of combustible elements. As soon as exposed to fire or warm for a lengthy duration it may explode.

Properties the Barium nitrate – Ba(NO3)2


Ba(NO3)2Barium nitrate
Molecular load of Ba(NO3)2261.337 g/mol
Density that Barium nitrate3.24 g/dm3
Refractive index1.5659
Melting point of Barium nitrate592 °C

Barium nitrate framework – Ba(NO3)2

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Barium nitrate is offered in the production of barium oxide comprise materials.Used in environment-friendly signal lights.Used in make ceramic glazes.Used as a rodenticide.Used in detonators.Used in primers and also tracer bullets.Used in the do of paints.Used as an oxidizing agent.Used in making explosives.Used together a propellent and also blowing agent.

Production that Barium nitrate

Barium dinitrate is developed by two procedures that begin with the source component for barium viz carbonate.

Method 1:

Dissolve barium carbonate (BaCO3) in nitric mountain (HNO3)Allow the precipitation of steel impuritiesSeparate the impurities by filtrationEvaporationCrystallization.

Method 2:

It is acquired by combine barium sulfide (BaS) through nitric acid (HNO3). At higher temperatures, barium nitrate (Ba(NO3)2) decomposes come barium oxide (BaO):

2Ba(NO3)2 → 2BaO + 4NO2 + O2

Health hazards

Inhaling or contact of Nitrobarite through skin or eyes can reason irritation. Swallowing results in excessive salivation, colic, convulsive tremors, elevated blood pressure, vomiting, diarrhea, and also hard pulse. That may also lead come hemorrhages in the intestines, kidneys, and also stomach. Also, muscular paralysis may occur.

Frequently inquiry Questions

What room the offers of barium nitrate?

Barium nitrate is provided in the produce of substances containing barium oxide. This link is likewise used in the barium oxide production process, in the vacuum pipe industry and in pyrotechnics for environment-friendly fire. Barium nitrate has also been a an essential ingredient in the explosive fee “SR 365”.

What happens when barium nitrate is heated?

When burned, barium nitrate emits a green flame. The decomposes to barium oxide, oxygen, and also nitrogen dioxide once heated. This converts barium nitrite right into nitric oxide. To produce barium sulfate the combines v either sulfate or sulfuric acid.

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Learn an ext about the Structure, physical and also chemical properties of Ba(NO3)2 native the specialists at BYJU’S.