Iron(II) sulfide, likewise popular together iron sulfide or ferrous sulfide, is an inorganic, water-insoluble compound represented by the chemistry formula FeS <1, 2>. In IUPAC nomenclature, the is referred to as sulfanylideneiron <1>. It naturally occurs together the mineral troilite and pyrrhotite <3>. FeS has actually the nickel arsenide structure, v trigonal prismatic sulfides and octahedral iron centers <5>.
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Iron(II) Sulfide Identification
|CAS Number||1317-37-9 <1>|
|PubChem CID||14828 <1>|
|ChemSpider ID||8466211 <2>|
|EC Number||215-268-6 <1>|
|MDL Number||MFCD00011013 <1>|
|InChI Key||MBMLMWLHJBBADN-UHFFFAOYSA-N <1>|
Iron(II) Sulfide Formula
Iron(II) Sulfide Composition and also Synthesis
When iron and also sulfur space mixed and also heated in a check tube, it undergoes an exothermic reaction to produce iron(ii) sulfide <6>.
Fe + S → FeS
Reaction v Hydrochloric Acid
Iron sulfide reacts through hydrochloric mountain to productivity ferrous chloride and also hydrogen sulfide, as shown by the adhering to reaction:
FeS + 2 HCl → FeCl2 + H2S
Properties and also Characteristics the Iron(II) Sulfide
|Molar Mass/Molecular Weight||87.905 g/mol <1>|
|Color and Appearance||Gray to brownish-black rods, lumps, or granular powder, colorless when pure <1>|
|Melting Point||1194 °C, 2181 °F <1>|
|Boiling Point||Decomposes <1>|
|Density||4.75 g cm-3 <1>|
|State of matter at room temperature||Solid <1>|
|Solubility||Reacts in acids v the manufacturing of hydrogen sulfide, insoluble in nitric acid <1>|
|Solubility in Water||0.00062 g/100 cc in ~ 18 °C <1>|
|Magnetic Susceptibility (χ)||1074 X 10-6 cm3/mol|
UsesAs a colors in ceramics, hair dyes, and also glass containers <1, 7>.Treating exhaust gases and lessening hefty metal pollution <1>.To synthesize hydrogen sulfide in the activities <1>.
See more: What Does The Central Sulcus Separate, Central Sulcus
Is the Safe
Iron sulfide can reason irritation to your skin, eyes, lungs, and gastrointestinal tract once inhaled <1>. That is well-known to reason slight toxicity upon ingestion <8>.