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Date:1850 - 1860...(Show more)Areas the Involvement:immigration...(Show more)Related People:Millard FillmoreAnna Ella CarrollHenry Winter DavisJohn J. CrittendenAnson Burlingame...(Show more)

Know-Nothing party, byname that American Party, U.S. Politics party that flourished in the 1850s. It was an outgrowth that the strong anti-immigrant and especially anti-Roman Catholic emotion that started to manifest itself throughout the 1840s. A climbing tide that immigrants, generally Germans in the Midwest and also Irish in the East, appeared to pose a hazard to the economic and political security of native-born good news Americans. In 1849 the secret Order of the Star-Spangled Banner developed in brand-new York City, and soon after lodges developed in almost every other significant American city.

Members, once asked around their nativist organizations, were supposed to reply the they knew nothing, for this reason the name. As its membership and also importance grew in the 1850s, the group slowly melted its clandestine character and took the main name American Party. As a nationwide political entity, it called for constraints on immigration, the exemption of the foreign-born indigenous voting or holding public office in the joined States, and for a 21-year residency necessity for citizenship.

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By 1852 the Know-Nothing party was achieving phenomenal growth. The did really well the year in state and also local elections, and also with i of the Kansas-Nebraska act in 1854 that won extr adherents from the ranks of conservatives who could support no the proslavery Democrats no one antislavery Republicans. Once Congress assembled top top December 3, 1855, 43 representatives were avowed members of the Know-Nothing party.