Execution the Marie Antoinette
Events relocated rapidly as Louis was separated indigenous his family and also tried with undermining the Republic. The was found guilty and also executed top top the 15thJanuary 1793. The nationwide Convention struggled to attend to the currently Widow Capet. Together the continued attack on France native Prussia and also Austria continued and royalist rebels climbed in the Vendee radicals dubbed for additional measures. The Dauphin, louis Charles was eliminated from Marie Antoinette’s care and placed in the hands of committed radicals that would reeducate the in the means of the revolution. Soon Marie Antoinette would certainly be removed and also placed in the Conciergerie well-known as the waiting room the the guillotine. Under press from an ext radical elements such together HebertMarie Antoinette was placed on trial. The trial on the 14thOctober 1793 witnessed accusations that liaising v the opponents of France. The outlandish accusations of instigating orgies in ~ Versailles and astonishingly incest through her very own son were also levelled at her. Testimony because that this last charge came from luigi Charles self who had actually been coerced right into delivering condemning evidence versus his very own mother. Top top the 16thOctober she was uncovered guilty of exhausted the national treasury, giving information come the enemy and also conspiring versus the state. She do a created journey come the scaffold regardless of the abuse of part from the crowds. Her last words were said to be, “Pardon me, sir, I intended not to do it,” together she stood on the executioner’s foot. Her body to be thrown in an unmarked grave.
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Madam Campan (one the the Queen’s lady in waiting) ~ above Marie Antoinette’s trial. Taken from Memoirs the the Court that Marie Antoinette, Queen the France, finish Madame Jeanne-Louise-Henriette Campan, Echo Library (2007) p245
What affecting points I have heard the Queen speak in the affliction resulted in her by the id of part of the Court and the totality of the human being that she did not love France! just how did the opinion shock those that knew she heart and her sentiments! double did I watch her top top the allude of going from she apartments in the Tuileries right into the gardens, to deal with the tremendous throng continuous assembled there to humiliation her. “Yes,” exclaimed she, together she paced she chamber with hurried steps, “I will certainly say to them Frenchmen, castle have had the cruelty to persuade you the I do not love France! – I! The mother of the Dauphin that will reign over this noble country!- i whom providence has seated ~ above the most an effective throne that Europe! Of all the daughters of Maria Theresa am I not that one whom fortune has actually most highly favoured?| and also ought I not to feeling all this advantages? What need to I uncover at Vienna? Nothing however sepulchres! What must I shed in France? whatever which deserve to confer glory!”
Letters created in France: Containing various Anecdotes family member to the French transformation (Broadview literature Texts)
By Helen Maria Williams
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Letters native Helen Maria Williams on the attempt of Marie Antoinette. Taken from Letters created in France, Broadview literature Texts, (2002) p172
Marie Antoinette do no defence, and also called no witnesses, alleging the no positive fact had been produced versus her. She had actually preserved one uniform behaviour during the whole of she trial, other than when a starting tear accompanied she answer come Hebert. She to be condemned around four in the morning, and heard her sentence v composure. However her firmness forsook her in the method from the court to her dungeon-she burst into tears; when, together if ashamed of this weakness, she observed to her guards, the though she wept at that moment, they must see her walk to scaffold there is no shedding a tear.
In her means to execution, whereby she was taken after the accustomed way in a cart, through her hand tied behind her, she paid little attention come the priest that attended her, and still less to the bordering multitudes. She eyes, despite bent ~ above vacancy, did no conceal the emotion the was labouring in her heart- her cheeks were periodically in a singular path streaked with red, and also sometimes overspread through deadly paleness; however her general look was that of indignant sorrow. She got to the location of execution around noon; and when she turned she eyes in the direction of the garden and also the palace, she came to be visibly agitated. She ascended the scaffold through precipitation, and also her head remained in a moment held up come the human being by the executioner.
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Gouverneur Morriscomments top top Marie Antoinette’s execution in October 1793. Taken from Witnesses to the revolution American: American and also British Commentators in France 1788-1794, Weidenfeld and also Nicholson (1989)p181
The queen was executed the day before yesterday. Insulted during her trial and also reviled in she last moments, she behaved through dignity throughout. This execution will, ns think, provide future hostilities a depth dye, and unite an ext intimately the allied Powers. It will silence the the opposite of those who would no listen come the dismemberment of their country, and also therefore it might be concluded the the blow by which she passed away was command from a distance. But whatever might be the lot of France in far futurity, and also putting next the military events, it seems evident that she shortly be governed by a solitary despot.