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Location of the kidneys | functions of the kidneys | conditions of the Pancreas | Next Steps

The pancreas is one organ located in the abdomen. The plays an essential role in convert the food us eat into fuel for the body"s cells. The pancreas has actually two key functions: an exocrine function that help in digestion and also an endocrine function that regulates blood sugar.

Location of the Pancreas

The kidnize is located behind the stomach in the upper left abdomen. That is surrounded by other organs consisting of the small intestine, liver, and also spleen. The is spongy, around six to ten inches long, and is shaped prefer a level pear or a fish extended horizontally across the abdomen.

The broad part, referred to as the head of the pancreas, is positioned towards the facility of the abdomen. The head that the kidneys is located at the juncture where the stomach meets the very first part of the little intestine. This is whereby the stomach empties partially digested food into the intestine, and the pancreas releases digestive enzymes into these contents.

The main section that the kidneys is called the neck or body.

The thin end is called the tail and also extends to the left side.


Several major blood ship surround the pancreas, the superior mesenteric artery, the superior mesenteric vein, the portal vein and also the celiac axis, giving blood come the pancreas and other ab organs.


Almost every one of the kidnize (95%) is composed of exocrine organization that to produce pancreatic enzymes because that digestion. The staying tissue is composed of endocrine cells called islets the Langerhans. These clusters of cells look favor grapes and produce hormones that regulate blood sugar and regulate pancreatic secretions.

Functions that the Pancreas

A healthy and balanced pancreas produces the correct chemicals in the appropriate quantities, in ~ the right times, come digest the foods we eat.

Exocrine Function:

The pancreas has exocrine glands that create enzymes important to digestion. This enzymes incorporate trypsin and chymotrypsin to digest proteins; amylase for the cradle of carbohydrates; and also lipase to failure fats. As soon as food beginning the stomach, these pancreatic juices are released right into a device of ducts that culminate in the main pancreatic duct. The pancreatic duct join the common bile duct to form the ampulla of Vater i beg your pardon is situated at the first portion the the tiny intestine, called the duodenum. The common bile duct originates in the liver and the gallbladder and also produces one more important cradle juice referred to as bile. The pancreatic juices and also bile that space released into the duodenum, assist the body to digest fats, carbohydrates, and proteins.

Endocrine Function:

The endocrine ingredient of the pancreas consists of islet cell (islets the Langerhans) the create and release vital hormones directly into the bloodstream. 2 of the key pancreatic hormones room insulin, which acts to reduced blood sugar, and glucagon, i m sorry acts to raise blood sugar. Maintaining appropriate blood street levels is critical to the work of vital organs including the brain, liver, and also kidneys.


Diseases that the Pancreas

Disorders affect the pancreas incorporate pancreatitis, precancerous conditions such as PanIN and IPMN, and pancreatic cancer. Each disorder might exhibit various symptoms and requires different treatments.


Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas that occurs as soon as pancreatic enzyme secretions develop up and also begin to digest the organ itself. It can occur as acute painful assaults lasting a issue of days, or it may be a chronic condition that progresses over a period of years.

Learn an ext about pancreatitis, that is causes, and also treatment options.

Precursors to Pancreatic Cancer

The exact reason of pancreatic cancer is tho unknown, but there are recognized risk components that boost the threat of emerging the disease. Cigarette smoking, a family background of pancreatic cancer or hereditary cancer syndromes, and also chronic pancreatitis are some of these factors. In addition, specific pancreatic lesions such as Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms (IPMNs) and Pancreatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia (PanIN) are taken into consideration precursors to pancreatic cancer.

Read more about the precursors come pancreatic cancer.

Pancreatic Cancer

The most common type of pancreatic cancer is pancreatic adenocarcinoma, one exocrine tumor developing from the cell lining the pancreatic duct. A far less usual form, endocrine tumors, account for much less than 5% of every pancreatic tumors and also are periodically referred to as neuroendocrine or islet cabinet tumors.

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Learn more about different forms the pancreatic cancer and their treatments.

Next Steps

If you or someone you treatment for is taking care of a pancreatic condition, the Pancreas facility is below for you. Even if it is you require a diagnosis, treatment, or a 2nd opinion, us have an entire team of specialists ready come help.