Subjects:human anatomy and physiology ii, education, teaching methods & materials, scientific research & technology, medical, anatomy, physiology
Which of the choices listed below happens throughout the absorptive state? inquiry options:
No management occurs.
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Catabolic procedures exceed anabolic ones.
Anabolic procedures exceed catabolic ones.
Only glucose management occurs.
Heat-loss mechanisms execute not incorporate ________. Inquiry options:
vasoconstriction the peripheral blood vessels
the evaporation that sweat
behavior steps such together wearing light, loose clothing
Which that the adhering to is not a function of LDLs? inquiry options:
influence cholesterol synthetic in organization cells
regulate cholesterol synthetic in organization cells
transport cholesterol indigenous the peripheral organization to the liver
make cholesterol obtainable to tissue cells because that membrane or hormone synthesis
Many components influence BMR. What is the most an important factor? concern options:
the way skeletal muscles failure glycogen
the ratio of surface area come volume (weight) the the body
an individual"s human body weight
the means an separation, personal, instance metabolizes fat
Which of the following finest defines negative nitrogen balance? question options:
A negative nitrogen balance is normal and also is a means of preserving homeostasis.
It is a condition usually resulted in by having a diet low in fish and meat.
It occurs once amino mountain are broken down by liver enzymes and also carried to the bloodstream.
Protein break down exceeds protein synthesis.
Gluconeogenesis is the procedure in which ________. Inquiry options:
glucose is developed from noncarbohydrate precursors
glycogen is damaged down to release glucose
glucose is converted right into carbon dioxide and also water
glycogen is formed
Transamination is the process whereby the amine team of an amino mountain is ________. Inquiry options:
converted to urea
transferred come a keto acid
transferred to acetyl CoA
converted to ammonia
Lipogenesis occurs once ________. Question options:
excess proteins space transported through the cell membrane
there is a shortage of fat acids
glucose level drop slightly
cellular ATP and glucose levels are high
Glucose can be obtained from ________. Inquiry options:
Glycogen is formed in the liver during the ________. Inquiry options:
period as soon as the metabolic price is lowest
When ketone body are existing in the blood and also urine in large amounts, it usually indicates boosted metabolism of ________. Inquiry options:
The term metabolism is finest defined together ________. Question options:
the length of time that takes come digest and absorb fats
biochemical reactions connected in building cell molecule or breaking down molecules because that energy
a measure of carbohydrate utilization, typically involving measure up of calories
the number of calories it takes to store from shivering ~ above a cold day
Which that the following is a normal repercussion of the activation that the heat-promoting center? inquiry options:
increase in ADH production
sympathetic sweat gland activation
vasodilation the cutaneous blood vessels
release the epinephrine
Catabolism would be ideal described together a procedure that ________. Concern options:
builds up triglycerides throughout the postabsorptive state
causes a decrease in turn ketone bodies
elevates glucagon levels
breaks down facility structures to less complicated ones
In the liver, the amine group of glutamic mountain is eliminated as ________ in the oxidative state. Concern options:
What is the outcome of ketosis? question options:
water retention and edema
Which of the adhering to nutrients productivity the greatest amount of power per gram as soon as metabolized? inquiry options:
vitamins and minerals
foods and also beverages high in caffeine
Which the the adhering to is the many important duty of the liver? concern options:
carbohydrate and also lipid metabolism
processing that drugs and also hormones and activation of vitamin D
synthesis that bile salts
Which of the choices listed below is not a fate that carbohydrate taken into the body?
conversion to a main point acid
amino mountain synthesis
Which of the following is not true that beta oxidation?
Fatty acids are damaged into acetic acid fragments.
Every second carbon is reduced.
It involves the anabolism of fats.
It wake up in the mitochondrion.
Which of the choices below is not a major route of warm exchange?
Which the the complying with mechanisms produces the most ATP during cellular respiration? question options:
It is essential to ensure the your diet is adequately wealthy in vitamins because ________. Inquiry options:
all vitamins room water soluble and pass the end of the body too conveniently to for sure utilization
most vitamins are coenzymes needed to aid the human body utilize vital nutrients
very few foods save vitamins
vitamins carry out protection versus the usual cold
Oxidation reduction reactions ________. Concern options:
occur via the gain of hydrogen or the ns of oxygen
may involve the lose of hydrogen and electrons
are hardly ever coupled together
Which of the adhering to does not take place in the mitochondria? question options:
formation that malic mountain from fumaric acid
Select the exactly statement about proteins. Question options:
Catabolic steroids (hormones) accelerate the rate of protein synthesis.
Strict vegetarians need not worry around adequate protein intake, as most vegetables are nearly perfect sources of amino acids.
Proteins will certainly be used by most cells because that ATP synthesis if poor carbohydrates space ingested.
Proteins have the right to be synthesized in the body if most of the amino acids space present.
Which that the complying with molecules room considered vital molecules in ~ metabolic crossroads? inquiry options:
glucose-6-phosphate, pyruvic acid, acetyl CoA
acetone, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, ATP
ATP, pyruvic acid, lactic acid
glucose-6-phosphate, lactic acid, acetyl CoA
When proteins experience deamination, the rubbish substance discovered in the to pee is mostly________. Question options:
When a person"s hypothalamic thermostat is set to a greater level and the actual human body temperature is listed below that level, the person may ________. Question options:
exhibit vasodilation of skin vessels
The primary reason elderly people should decrease their caloric entry is that ________. Concern options:
muscle mass and metabolism decline with age
they spend many of the day in ~ rest, and their food will conveniently turn come fat
they have a greater metabolic rate and do not need large amounts of food
their appetite begins to diminish
Glycolysis is finest defined together a catabolic reaction based top top the ________. Concern options:
conversion of pyruvic acid into carbon dioxide and also water
formation of sugar
conversion the glucose into carbon dioxide and water
conversion that glucose right into two molecules of pyruvic acid
Cholesterol, despite it is not an energy molecule, has importance in the body because it ________. Question options:
enters the glycolytic pathway without being altered
is a stabilizing component of the plasma membranes and also is the parental molecule of steroid hormones
helps mobilize fats during periods of starvation
helps administer essential nutrient to the mind and lungs
The hatchet metabolic rate shows the ________. Concern options:
loss of energy to perspiration
loss the organic molecule in urine
energy necessary to do all organic molecules
energy the body demands to perform only its most crucial activities
The many abundant dietary lipids are ________. Question options:
Dietary fats space important because they ________. Question options:
help protect against the usual cold
help the human body absorb fat-soluble vitamins
contribute substantially to the health of the skin
keep blood pressure normal
Which hormone directs basically all the occasions of the absorptive state? inquiry options:
Loss of warm in the kind of infrared tide is termed ________. Inquiry options:
Which that the following statements is a false or incorrect statement? inquiry options:
The amino acid pool is the body’s total supply that amino mountain in the body proteins.
Amino acids have the right to be supplied to supply power only after being converted to a carbohydrate intermediate.
Fats and also carbohydrates space oxidized directly to produce cellular energy.
Excess carbohydrate and fat have the right to be stored together such, whereas excess amino acids are oxidized for power or convert to fat or glycogen because that storage.
Anabolism has reactions in i beg your pardon ________. Inquiry options:
structural proteins are offered as a potential energy source
ketone bodies space formed
carbohydrate use increases
larger molecule or structures are built from smaller sized ones
Conditions that promote the oxidative deamination and energy use of amino acids include ________. Question options:
adequate fat calorie to carry out adequate ATP formation
ammonia combining with oxygen to type urea
adequate important amino acids
excessive amounts of protein in the diet
As the human body progresses from the absorptive come the postabsorptive state, only the ________ proceeds to burn glucose while every other organ in the body mostly switches to fatty acids. Concern options:
The primary function of moving respiration is to ________. Concern options:
provide the body through adequate amounts of vitamins and minerals
determine the amount of heat needed by the person body
break down food molecules and also generate ATP
efficiently screen the power needs that the body
The amount of ________ produced is more than likely the most essential hormonal aspect in identify BMR. Concern options:
What process primes a molecule to change in a method that rises its activity, produce motion, or walk work? inquiry options:
In the situation of a human who consumes a normal, well balanced diet, proteins are vital to the body for all of the complying with except ________. Question options:
production the energy
formation of useful molecules like hemoglobin and cytochromes
production of part hormones
production the enzymes, clotting factors, and also antibodies
Which of the choices listed below is not a resource of glucose during the postabsorptive state? question options:
catabolism of to move protein
absorption the glucose from the GI tract
glycogenolysis in the liver
lipolysis in adipose tissues and also the liver
Oxidation-reduction reactions space catalyzed through which of the following enzymes? inquiry options:
synthetases and also lipases
kinases and also phosphorylases
phosphatases and kinases
dehydrogenases and also oxidases
Which of the adhering to statements best describes complete protein? concern options:
derived from meat and also fish only
meets every the minimum daily requirements because that a healthy and balanced diet
must meet all the body"s amino acid demands for maintenance and also growth
derived just from legumes and other plant material
In gluconeogenesis, throughout the postabsorptive state, amino acids and ________ are converted to glucose. Question options:
Which that the choices listed below describes the pathway of cellular respiration (the finish oxidation of glucose)? concern options:
glycolysis, Krebs cycle, electron transfer chain, oxidative phosphorylation
glycogenesis, lipogenesis, electron carry chain
gluconeogenesis, Krebs cycle, lipolysis
lipolysis, glycogenolysis, beta oxidation
The process of break triglycerides down into glycerol and also fatty mountain is well-known as ________. Question options:
Which of the adhering to is correct? concern options:
Oxidation of FADH2 ultimately yields 4 ATP via oxidative phosphorylation.
Glycolysis relies on substrate-level oxidation because that the 4 ATP developed in this pathway.
Most the the ATP are produced by substrate-level phosphorylation.
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Most ATP from cellular respiration are created directly in the Krebs cycle.
Prostaglandins play a role in ________. Concern options:
control the blood pressure
skeletal muscle contraction
control that blood volume
Which the the following food groups are considered great sources of complete proteins? question options: