BCScience class 2 (June 2016)2Big Idea: Materials have the right to be readjusted through physical and chemical processes.

You are watching: Is cooking a physical or chemical change

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How perform you walk from flour, sugar, and eggs come cookies? Or from fruit juice to popsicles? do food is all about changes! These deserve to be physical changes or chemical changes.

Physical Changes

A physical change is a change in the state the matter. There space three key states of issue - solid, liquid and gas.

If you frozen fruit juice to do a popsicle, this is a change in state. The juice alters from a liquid to a solid. Ice cream melt on a warm day is also a adjust in state. The ice cream cream transforms from a solid to a liquid. The juice and also ice cream space still juice and also ice cream, also when they readjust from one state of issue to another.

Misconception Alert

Sometimes when you cook a liquid it becomes a solid, like as soon as a raw egg becomes a scrambled egg. This is no a adjust in state. Alters in state deserve to usually be reversed. Girlfriend can’t change scrambled eggs earlier into raw eggs!

If you break something large into smaller sized pieces, this is additionally a physics change. When you grate a piece of cheese for your pizza, friend are an altering the block that cheese. The cheese is still cheese, even though the little shreds don’t look prefer the block of cheese you began with.


Left come right: Frozen fruit treats, melting ice cream and grated cheese (Sources: LauriPatterson via iStockphoto, Collin BH via iStockphoto and (sergio_kumer via iStockphoto).


Sometimes physical transforms are tough to see. If you put some sugar into water and stir, quickly you wouldn’t have the ability to see the sugar. It there is no disappeared! The sugar has just been damaged down right into pieces that room too small to see. 

It’s favor if you combined a couple of red candies into a big bag that blue candies. The red candies could be hard to see, but they’re tho there. 

Chemical Changes

chemical change is a readjust in what other is made of. We deserve to tell the a chemical readjust has taken place by feather for specific clues. 

One clue is gas. Gas is created during a chemical change. The next time you roasted a cake or upper and lower reversal a pancake, look because that the bubbles. Inside each bubble is a small bit the a gas. This gas is made as soon as the ingredients adjust each other. 

Bubbles aid make the food you roasted fluffy. If you cut into a cake, you can see the spaces where there to be bubbles of gas in the wet batter.

Misconception Alert

Not all bubbles come from chemical changes. As soon as you mix batter with a whisk, you could see bubbles. This are just air the gets trapped in the batter throughout whisking.

Speaking the gas… smell is the 2nd clue the a chemical adjust is happening. Tart milk, rotten bananas and also mouldy cheese all make smells. This smells warn us not come eat this food. Food that’s rotten or mouldy might make united state sick. 

But over there are many smelly foods that are perfectly for sure to eat! Blue cheese and Durian fruit have very strong smells. They will not injury you uneven you space allergic to them. Anyone has different tastes. Lots of human being love foods with distinct odours. 

Did girlfriend know?

Some civilization say Durian fruit smells like paint thinner and also onions, through a hint of stinky gym socks!

Can friend think of pretty smells that can come indigenous the kitchen? The odor of baking bread or roasting turkey are signs that chemical transforms are happening!


From left to right: human being smelling new bread, roast turkey and simmering soup (Sources: gpointstudio via iStockphoto, FG trade via iStockphoto and also eclipse_images via iStockphoto).


The 3rd clue is a change in colour. Think the the perfect golden brown girlfriend can get when girlfriend toast marshmallows over a fire. Or that dark brown colour as soon as you by chance burn it. Whoops! 

When tomatoes change colour from eco-friendly to red, that way they are ready to eat. When bananas adjust from yellow to black, that way they are not good to eat anymore.


Toasted marshmallows, burnt toast and overripe, ripe and under ripe bananas (Elenathewise via iStockphoto, ImageDB via iStockphoto and kolesnikovserg via iStockphoto).


Colour change can be a tricky clue. Sometimes it’s hard to tell if a readjust in color is since of a physical adjust or a chemistry change. 

Imagine that you include red food colouring come white icing. Currently you have actually pink icing. Do you think this is a physical readjust or a chemistry change? psychic stirring street in water? Food colouring works the very same way. The colour simply spreads through the icing. The doesn’t adjust the icing itself. This is a physics change.

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So how can you phone call if a change is physical or chemical? ask yourself:

Is the substance the same thing currently as the was prior to the change? If it’s the same, the is a physics change. If the isn’t, it is a chemical change.Was over there a change in colour or smell? to be a gas formed? If any kind of of these points happened, it was a chemistry change.Can the change be reversed easily? If so, it was a physical change.

Your kitchen have the right to be an remarkable laboratory to check out the human being of chemistry!