Modifiers are words or phrases that provide additional information about a subject, verb or object in a sentence. Modifiers have the right to be words or phrases; for instance, the word "pretty" deserve to modify "girl," and also the phrase "that was smart" have the right to likewise modify "girl." According to the rules of, modifiers have to be placed as cshed as feasible to the person or point that they are modifying. When a modifier is not put properly in the sentence, it have the right to create confusion and also is taken into consideration to be a "misinserted modifier."

misput modifier instance and also correction

Instances of Misplaced Modifiers

Here follow a number of examples of misplaced modifiers and exactly how to deal with them.

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Example #1: Mark and also the Chair

The many prevalent method to misplace a modifier is to put uncrucial words in between it and the word or phrase it modifies.

After paint all day, the chair was admired by Mark.

The modifier right here is the phrase "after painting all day." It is clearly intfinished to describe Mark, quite than the chair, even though the chair is closer to the modifier than Mark. This misput modifier deserve to be resolved through a simple rephrase.

After paint all day, Mark admired the chair he had actually painted.

Example #2: Will"s Long Day

Another common mistake through modifiers is to build a sentence wright here the modifier ssuggest refers to the wrong word.

Bored via all the lectures, happiness overcame Will at the finish of the school day.

Here, "happiness" is being modified by the expression "bored of all the lectures." Obviously, "happiness" can"t be exhausted or bored of anything; it"s not that type of noun. It"s Will who"s bored through his lectures and also happy to be done. We deserve to express that sentiment through a simple readjust of sentence structure.

Bored with all of the lectures, Will was happy once the institution day ended.

Almeans make sure a modifier is editing the best word. That type of error have the right to adjust the interpretation of a entirety sentence.

Example #3: On Children and also Cake

Modifiers always need to be as close as feasible to the words they modify. This is a common mistake, specifically because conversational English doesn"t take a lot notice of it. In formal composing, however, it"s crucial to stop mistakes like this.

The teacher handed out slices of cake to the kids on the finish of a knife.

Unless the teacher is extremely bad, the youngsters aren"t on the finish of a knife. We need to readjust the sentence to make it clear the knife is only being provided on the cake, not the students.

The teacher provided a knife to hand also out slices of cake to the kids.

The formal demands of written English are frequently stricter than those used in conversation. A sentence that sounds completely reasonable spoken out loud may still have actually a misplaced modifier that will certainly obtain you in trouble.


Example #4: An End to His Driving

A misinserted modifier deserve to bring about a sentence that is grammatically correct but falls short to make feeling.

George nearly operated 12 hrs a day to save up for the holidays.

Grammatically, the over sentence is fine. In exercise, unmuch less George spends many time nearly doing his project, it"s nonsense.

George functioned practically 12 hours a day to conserve up for the holidays.

Writers and linguists like to describe Noam Chomsky"s classic phrase, "Colormuch less green ideas sleep furiously." Grammatically, that phrase is perfectly acceptable. It just does not suppose anything. Misput modifiers can develop the same impact, making it essential to edit for interpretation and

Example #5: Cat Matters

One of the means in which conversational English and also formal English deserve to differ is word order. A sentence that clearly conveys its definition in speech have the right to fail to carry out so when composed down.

Kim observed a fluffy kitten on the way to the office.

Once aacquire, modifiers modify the nearemainder possible word. In theory, this sentence is describing a tiny fluffy cat headed to work. Adorable, yet most likely not what the writer intended.

On the way to the office, Kim observed a fluffy kitten.

The nice point about misplaced modifiers is that they"re typically simple to settle. Sindicate rework-related the sentence so that the modifier is as cshed as grammatically possible to the word or phrase it modifies.

Example #6: A Lousy Dollar

On occasion, a misplaced modifier will certainly produce a sentence that is feasible, but not likely.

Mrs. Macall set gave me a dollar only to rake her entirety yard and wash her windows.

This sentence might be correct. The writer can be pleasantly surprised to get a totality dollar to carry out all that job-related. Based on the amount of occupational done, however, it"s more most likely the speaker felt underphelp. That requires us to move the modifier.

Mrs. Macready just offered me a dollar to rake her entirety yard and also wash her windows.

Catching misput modifiers is a question of critical reading. Sentences that seem to work deserve to, on closer inspection, reveal syntactical errors.


Example #7: Failed Exams

Similar to the miserly Mrs. Macready above, it"s dangerously easy to misplace a modifier that creates a plausible definition for your sentence various other than what you intended.

Megan virtually aced all her last tasks.

It might be true that this student almost aced every job. Maybe eincredibly last job had just one or two minor errors. But, if the writer intended that Megan aced the majority of her tasks, this is the correct phrasing they would"ve wanted:

Megan aced virtually all her final jobs.

There"s a great deal of difference between acquiring 89% on every one of your tasks and obtaining 100% on all however one. Conveying that distinction comes down to wright here you put your modifier.

Dangling Modifiers

Misplaced modifiers are distinct from dangling modifiers considering that the subject being modified is actually had in the sentence. If the subject being modified is not current in the sentence at all, the modifier would not simply be misput. It would certainly be considered a dangling modifier:

While in Vegas, most money was lost.

This is a classic dangling modifier: it does not explain that lost the money or exactly how, nor does it tell us who remained in Vegas. All it requirements to resolve that problem is a topic.

While in Vegas, we shed most money gambling.

"While in Vegas" is the modifier here. It is meant to provide added information around the perkid that was in Vegas that lost the money.

See more: How To Tell If A Word Is Stressed Or Unstressed, Rhythm In Poetry

Avoid Modifier Errors

You can protect against modifier errors, either dangling or misplaced, by ensuring that each editing word or expression is as close as feasible to the perboy or thing being modified. To guarantee your modifiers are well-inserted, check out up on the rules of syntaxes and also double examine our examples of misput modifiers.