Medical Spanish Tú regulates are a tiny bit tricky. As soon as you job-related with children in the clinical setting, you use regulates all the time. Basic things like: “open your mouth”, “say ah”, “follow my finger”, etc are all commands.

You are watching: How would you command someone not to breathe (respirar), using the tú command?

The tricky part of Tú regulates in Spanish is the the affirmative (+) command is formed differently than the (-) command. In this lesson, you will certainly learn how to usage (+) and also (-) Tú commands in Spanish. Enjoy!

In this free Medical Spanish lesson you will learn:

Affirmative and an adverse Tú command tense endings because that -AR, -ER & -IR verbsReflexive verb in the imperativeIrregular Tú commands

Here is the Tú regulates for medical Spanish lesson that i taught ~ above YouTube and to ourFacebook group:

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Mandatos Tú – Tú Commands

Credits: nationwide Cancer Institute

In our critical lesson, we talked around commands in Spanish also, however using the “Usted” command form. Today, we space going come talk about the regulates with “Tú” and when to usage it v your Spanish-speaking patients.

To be honest, making use of the imperative through the “tú” type is a little bit more complex that the “usted” form, and this is due to the fact that the affirmative and the an adverse forms and totally different.

Ejemplos del Imperativo (informal) – examples of the imperative (informal)

Toma asiento por favorTake a seat, please
Espera aquí y dare llamamos prontoWait here, we’ll contact you soon
No comas por 12 horas antes de la cirugíaDon’t eat because that 12 hours before the surgery
Bebe mucha agua con este medicamentoDrink a most water through this medication
Sube ras escaleras con la pierna buena primeroGo upstairs v the great leg first
No resistas la presión que aplicoDon’t withstand the push that I’m applying
Acuéstate boca arriba por favorLie down on your back, please
Lávate las manos varias veces por díaWash her hands several times a day
Quítate los zapatos y la chaqueta pero no car quites los pantalonesni la camisa por favorTake off her shoes and also jacket, yet please save your pants and shirt on

As you can see, in the “tú” form, the verbs don’t monitor an obvious normal link rule. For this reason let’s discover out just how you have the right to use castle in EL IMPERATIVO.

Tú Command it s too dirty Endings

The affirmative “tú” command is pretty easy to form. You just need to conjugate the verb in the 3rd person the the singular and use it as a command

(+) Tú command = 3a persona singular (forma “Él, Ella, Usted”). Ex. “habla” , “respira”, “come”, etc.

However, the an unfavorable command is more facility to create. You should use the usted regulates plus and “s”.

For the Usted Command, mental you have to follow 3 basic rules:

Go to the “yo” type of the current tense.Drop the “o”Add the contrary ending-AR > e-ER & -IR > a

(-)Tú command = Usted Command + “s”.

-AR Verbs

Let’s apply the Tú affirmative command ascendancy to the verb RESPIRAR (to breathe)

Respirar (To breathe): Él, Ella, Usted: RespiraTú command: Respira, por favor (breathe, please).

And currently let’s take a look in ~ the an unfavorable command:

(-)Tú command = Usted Command + “s”.Usted command: No respireTú command: No respires

-ER/-IR Verbs

As we did in our past lesson, we room going to use the verbs COMER (to eat) and also RESISTIR (to resist) together examples.

1. Affirmative Tú Command

Comer (To eat): Él, Ella, Usted: ComeTú command: Come, por favor (Eat, please).Resistir (To resist): Él, Ella, Usted: ResisteTú command: Resiste, por favor (Resist, please).

2. Negative Tú Command

Usted command: No coma / resistaTú command: No comas / resistas

Verbos reflexivos en el imperativo – Reflexive verb in the Command Form

In the affirmative form, the reflex “te” is going to obtain attached in ~ the end.

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Afirmativo > “te” al final Tú… Siéntate

But in the negative form, the “te” is included before the verb.

Negativo > “te” antes Tú…No car sientes

As you might see, gaining the an adverse commands require more steps to follow