The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece. Geographically they are really close to each other, however have sometimes had an extremely different values, lifestyles, and also cultures.

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Athens versus Sparta comparison graph AthensSpartaAbout Country Geography Population (Ancient) Region Climate Economy (Ancient) Culture (Ancient) Military Outlook (Ancient) Ancestry girls education and learning Population (Modern) Economy (Modern) Latitude Longitude Time region
The capital and largest city the Greece. Leader of the Delian League. House of many old philosophers, historians, and authors. Known in Greek together Sparti. The city lies at the southern end of the central Laconian plain, top top the right financial institution of the Eurotas River.
Greece Greece
Close the sea with a harbor. Hilly area. Landlocked. Additionally in a hilly area that provides natural defense.
At time that Peloponnesian war 360,000-610,000 At time the Peloponnesian war 40,000-50,000
Attica Laconia
Mediterranean climate, but more dry with about 15 inch of rain per year Also a Mediterranean climate, yet with much more rain.
Dependent ~ above trade and agriculture Dependent ~ above agriculture
Forward looking and progressive Controlling, traditional, and also conservative
not as army based, and required military organization was just two years because that citizens. Navy was finest in the Greek world. mandatory military organization from age 7 come 60. Soil based army with no navy until the end of the Peloponnesian war.
Democratic Oligarchic
Ionian Descent Descendants that the Dorian invaders
no yes
3,761,811 35,529
Dependent on agriculture and tourism. Mostly based on tourism
37 58" 37 04" N
N 23 43" E N 22 25" E


Both Athens and Sparta hold historical value for Greece and the world. Athens is the capital and the biggest city that Greece. It is a facility for economic, political, gaue won and society life in Greece. Athens is the price of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience the the civilized world. Athens take it its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and also knowledge.

Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is situated in the facility of the Peloponnese in southerly Greece. Sparta was the Dorian Greek armed forces state, thought about as the protector that Greece together it was providing big army to greece for many years. At present, Sparta is the governmental capital that the prefecture of Laconia.


Athens has actually been continuously populated for at least 3,000 years, coming to be the leading city of old Greece in the very first millennium BCE; its social achievements during the 5th century BCE to adjust the foundations of western civilization. Throughout the center Ages, the city experienced decline and then recovery under the byzantine Empire, and also was reasonably prosperous throughout the Crusades, together they benefitted from Italian trade. ~ a long duration of decline under the dominion of the ottoman Empire, Athens reemerged in the 19th century as the funding of the live independence Greek state.

Tradition relates that Sparta was founded by its first king, Lacedaemon, kid of Zeus and also Taygete, who named the city after his wife, the daughter of Eurotas, around 1000 BCE. Some eighty years after the Trojan War, according to the traditional chronology, Dorian migration native the north take it place and also eventually brought about the climb of classical Sparta — famed as a martial power, adversary of the Persian Empire, and also eventual conqueror of Athens. After overcoming many kingdoms and also warring with many communities, Sparta spread to a significant empire about 400 BCE. This was likewise the time that Athens" fall, which proclaimed Sparta remarkable in the consistent war of the two empires. In middle ages times, the city of Sparta was destroyed by plenty of invasions. Modern-day day Sparta, i beg your pardon is well-known as Sparti in Greece, was rebuilt about 1834.

ideas and society

Athens and also Sparta differed in their principles of getting along with the rest of the Greek empires. Sparta seemed to it is in content v themselves and provided their army whenever required. The is why it considered itself as the protector that the Greek. Top top the various other hand, Athens wanted to take regulate of much more and more land in Greece. This idea at some point led to war in between the Greeks. Sparta had actually a powerful army and also Athens knew that they might not to win them yet they had actually the power of a navy unit i m sorry Sparta no have.

What the two communities had in usual was the they to be both thinkers. They worshiped your gods and also respected people. They loved beauty, music, literature, drama, philosophy, politics, art, and sports. It can be said that some also loved battle itself.

Where lock differed was that while the Spartans had militaristic values, Athenians were democratic. The Spartans emphasized only on expanding their power and also gaining control over various other kingdoms while the Athenians additionally grew infrastructure wise in old times. They interpreted the importance of together growth and also concentrated on them besides on military strength.

federal government


The Athenian type of electing a government was called restricted Democracy if the Spartan kind was referred to as oligarchy" (rule by a few), however it had aspects of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the choice of council/senators), and also aristocracy (rule by the upper course or land owning class). Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. ~ above the other hand, the leader of Athens is chosen annually. Athens is claimed to have actually been the birthplace that democracy.

Sparta was an “Oligarchy”. The old Greek “oligos” converts to “few”, when “archia” means “rule” – ‘rule by the few’. 5 Ephors were elected annually, add by 2 kings, that passed on the crowns come their liked sons. The Spartan indistinguishable of the senate to be its “gerousia”, while Ephors and also the monarchs would regularly attend the “apella” (general assembly) to build and shot to happen “rhetrai”, or motions and also decrees. Various other purposes that the basic assembly to be to poll on and pass legislation and also make polite decisions. The procedure by i m sorry this was undertaken was by a basic shouting that ‘yes’ or ‘no’.

As a whole, the 5 Ephors had actually the strength to overrule the Kings, however tended to keep to religious and aggressive duties. Sparta’s mechanism of government was an extremely exclusive and also open to members of just the highest possible social standing.

On the various other hand, Athens to be a democracy, which intended “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and also “kratis” (rule). 5000 to 6000 males were narrowed down to a team of 500, that would then be divided into teams of 50. Each would take fee for around a month, and also ten generals were instantly elected as result of their experience. Rather were preferred by a an approach called ‘lot’ voting. The Athenian assembly, well-known as the “ekklesia”, satellite to discuss political, militaristic and also social matters and agendas in the pnyx. This was an area nearby by to the markets and social center of Athens, the “agora”.



Compared to the an easy lifestyle of the Spartan people, Athenians had a very contemporary and open up outlook. Unlike Sparta, in Athens, guys were not compelled to sign up with the army. As an Athenian, one might get a an excellent education and could go after several kinds of arts and sciences. Sparta people were not open up to education and also they only concentrated on armed forces strength and obedience and they didn"t connect much through the exterior world.

interaction with other Greek claims

Sparta was contents to save to chin and detailed army and assistance when essential to other states. Athens, on the other hand, want to control much more and more of the land roughly them. This ultimately led come war between all the Greeks.


Athens had a Mediterranean climate with good amount that precipitation, vice versa, Sparta had relatively temperate but really dry climate. As result of soil erosion and less vegetation, water to be a really scanty commodity in Sparta.

ladies of Athens and also Sparta

Family ties in Athens were stronger and women to be legally the dependents of their husbands or your father. They might own no home apart indigenous the family. In Sparta, women had rights that various other Greek women did no have. In Sparta women were stronger and also they formed liaisons with guys as they chose. They could additionally own residential or commercial property by themselves. In Athens females did chores such as weaving or cooking, but in Sparta the ladies were free of every such chores.

War between Athens and also Sparta

Athens and also Sparta were 2 rival city-states, when the latter had an extremely well trained military and also soldiers, the previous boasted that a good navy. Athens and also its allies, recognized as the Delian League, come into conflict with the Spartans and the Peloponnesian league, and also in 431 BC a war broke out between the 2 cities - a war based upon trade routes, rivalries, and tributes payment by smaller sized dependent states.

This conflict, the Peloponnesian War, basically was a 28-year duration of on and off polite war amongst Greek city-states. (A city-state to be a city, such as Athens, and also the surrounding nation under its influence and protection; Athens and also its neighboring area, recognized as Attica, was around the size of Rhode Island). Sparta had actually a clean military advantage on land, however the Athenian navy surpassed Sparta’s capabilities at sea; neither side was able to seize and also maintain the top hand. Both political parties experienced significant victories and crushing defeats, and also the battle was frequently interrupted by periods of negotiated peace. The war finished in 404 BC through the loss of Athens and its democracy.

economic situation

Sparta was mostly an farming land since of its inland location. The most essential imports to be metals. In Sparta, men were mostly warriors; others to be slaves. Their economic situation was mainly based upon agriculture. Athens economic situation was dependent an ext upon trade. Athens ended up being the foremost trading strength of the Mediterranean through the 5th century BC.

claim to call

Athens has discovered its name in Greek history for that is undying wisdom and also concentration top top infrastructural breakthrough and Sparta because that its armed forces power.

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Anonymous comments (5)

May 29, 2013, 6:31am

THIS IS SPARTA!!!!!!!!!!

— 58.✗.✗.160

February 8, 2013, 2:57am

"Athens concentrated on freedom, art, and also worshiping the goddess that wisdom, Athena.""Sparta focused on armed forces strength and also being obedient."Now I understand the difference in between these 2 city-states. Thanks!

— 99.✗.✗.109

June 28, 2012, 8:31am

Thanks because that the info. :D assisted me alot.

— 195.✗.✗.9

January 29, 2014, 10:25pm

this website is amazing, simply finished a record with cites and also qoutes.A+. My teacher to be so impressed