l>Model Wigwam great Plan
Model Wigwam class Plan

Illinois Goals and also Standards addressedGrade Levels: 5-8

Social ScienceAll Levels: goal 18: know social systems, with an emphasis on the joined sdrta.nets.

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Standard A: Compare qualities of society as reflect in language, literature, the arts, traditions, and institutions.

Mathematics: Estimation and MeasurementGoal 7: Estimate, make and also use dimensions of objects, quantities, and relationships and also determine acceptable level of accuracy.

Standard A: Measure...using ideal units, instruments, and methods.Middle/Junior High: 7.A.3b: Apply the concepts and also attributes that length, ...perimeter, ...and angle steps in practical situations.Early High: 7.A.4a: use units and also scales come describe and also compare numerical data and physical objects. (Works with qualities as short as 5th with help from teacher.)

Objective: After reading the materials in the internet site ~ above Illinois Indian homes, and also completing this activity, the college student will be able to explain what a wigwam is and also of what materials and methods one was built.

Time Required: Allow several hrs (perhaps a mix of social science classes and also an arts period, working v the art teacher)for every PAIR of college student (it takes much more than 2 hands to tie the reeds together

Materials:For each wigwam:

soft, pliable sticks such as willow branches or #6 round basket reeding (two lengthy strands; one package will certainly make about 10 wigwams, or carry out basketry, too)). The is best to measure as you construct rather than precut all.7 about 15" long2 around 17" long1 around 24" long1 rectangular sheet of 1/2 "x 12" x 36" styrofoam for a base (or 1/2" thick corrugated cardboard)50 lengths the string around 6" longpencilmarkercrumpled brown paper bags (with crayon texture attracted on come look like a woven mat) OR brown feeling (9" x 12"). These are cut into 4" by 4" rectanglesscissors12" x 18" piece of grass paper (model train supply) or eco-friendly paperlichens, wadded paper, string, subject ends, or other to make shrubs

Procedure: (see accuse sheet with illustrations)Read (or have students read) and discuss the winter and also summer villages and also wigwam the the net site with the students. Offer students the accuse sheet with illustrations and also go through it orally, answering student questions. Demonstrate major steps such as anchoring the sticks into the base, and weaving the paper strips right into mats. Emphasize the after the an easy building is constructed, the college student may include to the design with landscaping, people, and material life objects, making use of THE info FROM THE aboriginal AMERICAN internet SITE message ON these TOPICS and also the ide of scale. The instructions have actually the range of 1 customs = 23 inches, for this reason the design wigwam will certainly be 12" long, 8" wide, and around 5" tall. Any type of figures, trees, etc. Have to reflect the scale.

Assessment: Students may current their version orally come the class, explaining the structure, building, use, origin, etc. That the wigwam and project. Criteria will be proportional scale, history of the shelter, and also fluency in answering questions about the form, materials, and also use that wigwams.

Display finished wigwams in a public place, v a narrative label created by students v information about wigwams, your structure, use, and the process of do the model.

Instruction sheet for design Wigwam

Step One: collection the MaterialsYou will need:

12" through 18" sheet of 1/2" thick styrofoam or cardboardpair the scissors qualified of cutting cardboard and also reedingpencilmarker9" by 12" paper of drawing document (not quickly torn)12" rulercompass or an 8" length of string to tie roughly your pencilsmall bottle of wood gluedamp rag or paper towel2 full length pieces of #6 ring basket reeding (each size is over ten feet long) or lots of willow twigs much more than 12 customs longsink or bathtub of water because that soaking reeds (enough water come cover reeds)tissue or size of toilet organization to tear to use as short article anchors12" by 18" piece of green document or grass paperlichens or wadded material to usage for shrubs

Step Two: do the BaseMaterials:

a 12" through 18" paper of 1/2" special styrofoam or cardboarda pair that scissors qualified of cut cardboard and reedinga pencila markera 9" through 12" paper of drawing paper (not easily torn)a 12" ruler

1. Measure and draw a heat twoinches in along one lengthy side the the 9x12-inchpaper.Cut off the 1" section.

2. Discover the center allude of the continuing to be section by folding the paper in half lengthwise and width-wise. Open it up again. The center allude is the spot whereby the lines cross.
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3. Measure 4" native each finish of the document and draw a period on the center line at the 4-inch marks.
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4. Readjust the compass for a 4" radius. Ar the point of the compass top top each dot in turn(and the pencil suggest at an edgeof the paper, and also draw a half-circle at each end of the paper. (If utilizing a string, hold the pencil suggest at one finish of the document on the center line, hold the string down on the 4" allude a finger, and also draw a half-circle).
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5. Cut out the oval with scissors.This is the floor plan of your wigwam. Friend will use it twice; once to transfer to your styrofoam, and also later to deliver to her grass paper.
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6. Place the oval in the facility of your 12" by 18" styrofoam base. Trace approximately the edge with a heavy marker, best brown or green. Likewise punch her pencil v the allude where the facility lines cross and make a note there. Eliminate the oval pattern and collection aside for later.
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Step Three: building your WigwamMarking your wall surface posts.1. Placed your 2 lengths of reeding to soak and also soften in a bath tub or sink of water (enough to cover the reeds). That will require at the very least 15 minute to soak. If, throughout construction, the reeds acquire dry, resoak them.

2. You will certainly measure and draw dots for each that the 14 articles that will kind the walls and ceiling of your wigwam. Usage the facility dot you significant on the styrofoam to line up her dots. If you should draw center lines every way, execute so.

Mark the doorway write-ups at each end by measuring and also making a period 3/4 of an inch from every side of the facility line (the doorways will certainly be 1 1/2 inch wide).
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On each lengthy side the the wigwam floor, measure and also mark a dot for the side facility post
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One each side, in between each center post and each finish post, measure and also mark two more posts (total eight) at two-inch intervals.You now have all your posts marked.
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NOTE: Gluing the reeds right into the base: that is necessary that each finish of the reed remains in the base. Come ensure this, poke each reed end into the base, eliminate it, placed a drop or two of timber glue into the hole, pinch a small wad of toilet tissue, put a autumn of adhesive on it, put a 3rd drop of adhesive on the finish of the reed. Climate stuff the toilet organization wad right into the hole v the finish of the reed. Pat down the extra tissue roughly the write-up to cement it in.

Cutting and installing the reed postsDoorposts: Take one of the reeds out of the water and wipe the drips off with a towel. Measure up 17" and cut with huge scissors. Measure a second 17" length. Put the remainder of the reed back into the water.These two reeds will reach from one doorway come another, the full length that the wigwam. Install each reed end as detailed in the gluing directions. Both that theses reeds have to be around the same height at the bent top.

Insert one end of one 17" reed into a dot at one end of the wigwam. For sure it. Bend the reed and also insert the opposite finish into the post dot in ~ the other end. Repeat for 2nd door post.
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Three side center posts: The posts that goacross from next to side will certainly be inserted over the lengthwise posts. The center short article will it is in the longest the the three. Reduced 2 lengths the reed 15" long, and one 15 1/2" long. (You may need to readjust them come fit by cutting). Install the center short article first. Climate install the posts to one of two people side, adjusting the length so the the curved height of the crosswise articles rest directly on the lengthwise posts.
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After the glue is dry, usage the 6" lengthy yarn pieces to tie about the intersections that the posts you mounted so far. Plunder the yarn roughly the intersecting reed in both directions and tie a dual knot.

Two outer side posts: Measure and cut two reeds that are 14" long. Install them in the short article marks alongside the door posts. Adjust the sizes before gluing so that the curved peak rests ~ above the lengthwise reeds. After ~ the glue dries, tie the reeds together at the intersections.

Two horizontal braces: The final three reeds will certainly be put around the wigwam. Measure and cut two lengths the reed 15" lengthy (you will reduced these to fit). Every one will certainly stretch from one door frame, around a next of the wigwam, and also attach come the various other door frame. Try it first, reduced to size so it does no block the doorway, then hold and also tie that (at least 4 hands required here) to each reed it intersects. Change so the the reed is level all the means around the side.

The critical reed will circle the wigwam around halfway up. You need to add three extra inches because that an overlap. Measure and cut a 30" size of reed. Arrange it approximately the center of the wigwam so that rests top top the various other posts. Overlap the ends by 3 inches. Starting at the facility (opposite the overlapped ends), tie each intersection through yarn. Change the elevation so that is level. Tie the overlapped ends together in numerous places.
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Congratulations! You have actually finished the structure of your wigwam. Following you will cover it v a roof make of birchbark squares, woven cattails, or deer hides. Yours will be made of brown feeling or crumpled paper bags.

Covering the Roof:

With 9 through 12 customs felt squares: cut each of 3 felt pieces into 4-inch squares:

Start in ~ the bottom of every side of her wigwam. Apply spots of hardwood glue come the tied intersections, and dots on the reeds. Press the square onto the framework (you will have to hold, pinch, or load them down until semi-dry). Overlap each item of roofing to save out the rain. Do not sheathe the doorways.
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When the reduced layer is dry, include the top layer of feel squares in the very same manner v glue. Overlap them end the reduced row by about one inch, and over every other. Leave a feet in the top for smoke to exit. Weight down the squares until dry. Girlfriend may need to come earlier and put drops of adhesive under edges the did not stick.
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You walk it! your wigwam is finished! currently you can add landscaping, figures, and other fun points from her research about Illinois Indians.

Landscaping hints:

Grass: Cover her styrofoam through a layer of green document or grass document to do a clearing about the wigwam. The paper should measure up 12" by 18", the very same as the base. Location your oval wigwam sample on the document in the same position as her wigwam is on the basic (measure the distance from one end and also one side).

Trace about the pattern with a pencil or pen. Cut out the pattern. This time you will certainly be maintaining the component of the paper that is exterior of the pattern.To make the grass sample fit around the finished wigwam, girlfriend will most likely need to cut about 1/4" off along the within edge.

Shrubs and also trees:
Illinois Indians lived in the woodlands, for this reason you may want come make her wigwam area more realistic by including shrubs and trees. Remember girlfriend scale. Each inch represents around two feet. So a bush that is 2 inches high would be 4 feet tall in real life. Friend wigwam is about 5 or 6 customs (10 come 12 feet) in height. Landscaping deserve to be do of lichens, excelsior,moss, wadded string, grass, raffia, or other material. Tree trunks can be created from clay, papier mache, or cardboard. You have the right to use toothpicks come prop increase lichen as bushes. Glue your shrubbery come the ground.

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Other Additions:After you review information about the Illinois ind online, you might want to include figures, fires, tools, and other objects to your model. Remember her scale as soon as you add human figures (A five-foot high Illinois Indian would certainly be 2 1/2 inch tall) and objects (an arrow might it is in one-inch long).