The story of David and Goliath is one encouraging come anyone to civilization of every ages, young and old. Over there are pictures of him together a tiny child fighting Goliath and as a young man, but which one is right? What was David’s period when he battled Goliath?


David was Under 20

Numbers 1:3 – “From two decades old and upward, every that are able to go forth to battle in Israel: thou and also Aaron shall number them by their armies.”

– keep in psychic that every one of David’s brothers were fighting in the army, yet David wasn’t. Every males 20 and up fought in Israel’s army. From this, we have the right to see that David was under twenty years old since he wasn’t in the army.

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David Was called a “Valiant man of War”

In 1 Samuel 16, David to be anointed and also called the youngest of every Jesse’s sons. However, in simply in a few verses later, prior to he battled Goliath together “a youth”, he was called a man. Inspect this out:

1 Samuel 16:18 – “Then answered among the servants, and said, Behold, I have seen a child of Jesse the Bethlehemite, that is shrewd in playing, and a mighty valiant man, and also a guy of war, and prudent in matters, and a comely person, and also the mr is through him.”

– understand that these 2 story of 1Sam 16 and 1Sam 17 room not in chronological order. David wasn’t a male of war until after he battled Goliath. Infact, before David battled Goliath, he no have any war experience. So, chronologically, David to be anointed, he fought the giant, and also then this story happened where he play the harp for Saul in 1Sam 16. This makes an ext sense if girlfriend look in ~ 1 Samuel 17:55-56.

David Was referred to as a Youth

1 Samuel 17:55-56 – “And when Saul observed David walk forth versus the Philistine, he claimed unto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose child is this youth? and also Abner said, as thy soul liveth, O king, i cannot tell. And also the king said, Enquire you whose child the stripling is.”

– If David had actually been playing harp because that Saul that totality time, of course Saul would have actually known that David was, and also his appropriate hand guy Abner (who would have checked David’s background for Saul’s safety) would have actually as well. This likewise explains why the was dubbed a mighty male of war at the time and also a youth later. The reason why the writer did not placed the story in chronological order was to compare how the divine Spirit left Saul and came ~ above David ~ his anointing (1Sam 16). David to be anointed and the divine Spirit came on him, Saul disobeyed God and the soul left him.

– H5288: a young from the age of infancy to adolescence.

– H5958: a young man, a lad.

1 Samuel 17:33 – “And Saul stated to David, she art no able come go versus this Philistine to fight with him: for thou art yet a youth, and he a man of battle from his youth.”

– This very same word because that youth H5288 was used to Ishmael when he was made to leave Abraham, somewhere in between age 16-19. Abraham conceived Ishmael when he was 86 (Gen 16:16), conceived Isaac when he was 100 (Gen 21:5), and also when Isaac was weaned (Gen 21:8), which was more than likely 2 year after he to be born, Abraham make Ishmael leaving (Gen 21:14). That would certainly at the very least make Ishmael 16 or older. David to be probably around the same age. It have the right to be assumed the neither Ishmael nor David to be old sufficient to flourish a beard.

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David’s Age

Jessee had 8 sons (1 Sam 18:12). The oldest 3 were 20 years old and also older according to numbers 1:3. At the youngest, the 3 earliest sons would have actually been 22, 21, and 20 (unless they to be triplets and all twenty years old). The fourth oldest child didn’t offer in the army, which way at the oldest, the would need to be 19. That leaves the 5 sons who didn’t sign up with the armed forces to it is in 19, 18, 17, 16, and 15 assuming that David’s mother had actually 1 kid a year. It’s likewise a opportunity that David had elder twin brothers, i m sorry would potentially make the older than 15.