The English call it fairy floss, picking up the surname it was offered by the 2 Nashvillians who created the first electric machine for do it.

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The inventors, william Morrison and John Wharton, offered 68,655 boxes of the novel confection in ~ the 1904 world’s Fair. The French contact the stuff barbe à papa (grandfather’s beard). We understand it as cotton candy, a name adopted in the 1920s. Credit for creating the fluff, however, may go to the Italians, that as beforehand as the 1400s melted sugar in a pan, enraged it right into long strings through a fork, and also draped the strings end bowls come cool.

Cotton candy is a straightforward product. The only ingredients space sugar and also air—mostly the latter. “That’s a the majority of air you’re buying,” claims Tom Petre, northeast regional sales manager of gold Medal Products firm in Cincinnati, a leading an equipment of cotton-candy machines. The good news is, parental needn’t worry around kids damaging their teeth. A cone or bag of noodle candy includes only around 1 teaspoon of sugar, contrasted to 18 come 22 teaspoons in a 12-ounce can of soda.

1. To water IN SUGAR the goes in the peak of the spinner head. At steel Pier in Atlantic City (seen here), human resources manager Liz Cunningham stirs 2 tablespoons of a flavoring/coloring referred to as Flossine into 10 pounds of plain sugar. Flossine come in twelve varieties, despite Cunningham states Steel Pier customers room happy with simply three: strawberry pink, raspberry blue, and green apple.

2. MELT, FLING The spinner head looks choose a key whirling ~ above a potter’s wheel. Inside the head, the sugar trickles down into the heater element, a metal coil operation at about 300 degrees, enough to melt the sugar. Spinning in ~ 3,450 rpm, the head flings the liquid sugar outside by centrifugal force.

3. FLOSS SLITS surrounding the heating facet is a black steel ring dubbed the floss band. Two rows of diagonal slits in the band disperse the fluid sugar right into thin filaments well-known as floss.

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4. COOL CANDY The street filaments cool almost at once, right into gauzy strings. A plastic net called a stabilizer, which lines the inside of the floss pan, offers the cooling strands a foothold. The candy then develops from the pan surface earlier to the spinner head. A savvy operator gathers the floss off the sides of the pan, not close to the head, which would develop a harder, heavier candy.