Use this calculator to estimate how much sand in volume (cubic ft, cubic yards, or cubic meters) or load (tons & pounds, tonnes and also kilograms) you would need. It supplies conventional sand density.

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Calculating exactly how much sand girlfriend need

Many builders and also gardeners are challenged with calculating or estimating the lot of sand they must fill a given an are with sand. Ours sand calculator is of good utility in such cases, however you need to keep in mind that the outcomes will only be as an excellent as the measurements entered. The calculation procedure is as follows:

Estimate the volume of sand needed, making use of geometrical formulas and plans or measurements.The approximate density of sand is 1600 kg/m3 (100 lb/ft3).Multiply the volume by the thickness (in the very same units) to gain the weight

There is finer and much more coarse sand, for this reason the density, measured because that dry sand in kg per cubic meter or pounds per cubic feet, the your particular shipment might vary. Because that this reason, and due come potential loser / waste, friend should consider buying 5-6% much more sand 보다 estimated so you don"t operation just short of what you need in the end.

Square or rectangular area

The volume formula for a rectangular (or square) crate in cubic feet is height(ft) x width(ft) x length(ft), as watched in the figure below:


For example, to fill a box through a width of 3ft and also a size of 6ft, come a depth the 1ft, you have to multiply 1ft x 3ft x 6ft = 18ft3 (cubic feet) that sand.

Round area

If the area you desire to cover, or the shape you desire to to fill is round, the calculation is a bit different:


The volume of a number with a round foundation is its elevation times the area of its foundation. To calculation the foundation area we require its diameter, since the formula is π x r2, whereby r is the radius, or diameter/2.

Irregularly shame area

In case the area you room calculating has an irregular shape what you desire to carry out is division it in numerous regularly-shaped sections, calculate their volume and sand requirements and also then amount them up together. In instance you finish up needing to do this for a large number the sections, you might use our summation calculator.

Sand basics

Sand is a naturally developing granular product which is created of finely divided rock and also mineral particles, rounded and also polished to a differing extent. Sand have the right to be believed of as finer gravel, or coarser silt. In part cases, "sand" refers to a textural course of soil, the is - a soil which has more than 85% of its mass made up of sand-sized particles. Sand is a renewable source in the lengthy run, but in human being timescale it is nearly non-renewable. Sand is a major component that concrete and due come the high demand for concrete for construction, suitable for concrete sand is likewise in high demand.

The most typical constituent the sand in inland continent settings and also non-tropical seaside settings is silica quartz (silicon dioxide - SiO2). The 2nd most common form of sand, greatly encountered in islands and near the sea, is calcium lead carbonate which is produced by miscellaneous life-forms, favor coral and also shellfish. The course, the specific composition will vary depending on local rock sources and conditions during the development of the pebbles.


Sand for residential or garden usage is usually offered in small packets of several pounds / kilograms, and also for bigger projects in bags that 40, 60 or 80 lbs - 25kg or 50kg in Europe and other places. For building and construction work, concrete mixing, etc. It is sold by the tonne and comes in trucks.

species and qualities of sand

Contrary to what you might think, there is more than one form of sand, by the size of that pebbles and also it"s intended usage <2>. Choosing the right type and dimension is crucial, as part sands have actually a various application 보다 others.

Sand typesTypeDescription
20-30 Sandn-standard sand, graded to pass a 850μm sieve and be kept on a 600μm sieve.
Graded Sandn-standard sand, graded between the 600μm sieve and also the 150μm sieve.
Standard Sandn-silica sand, composed nearly entirely of normally rounded seed of practically pure quartz (used for mortars and testing that hydraulic cements).

Standard sand, in addition, shall be light grey or whitish color, need to be complimentary from silt and the grains need to be angular, yet a little percentage of flaky or rounded particles room permissible. Some manufacturers refer the grade and kind of the sand in various other ways, e.g. "river sand" (a.k.a. "sharp sand", "builder"s sand", "grit sand", "concrete sand"), "masonry sand", "M-10 sand" (granite sand), "play sand", each being finer and much more expensive 보다 the ahead one.

What is the density of sand?

The thickness of typical sand is 100 lb/ft3 (1600 kg/m3). This synchronizes to moderately damp sand and is the number supplied in the calculator.

How much does a yard3 that sand weigh?

A cubic yard of typical sand weighs about 2700 pounds or 1.35 tons. A square yard the a sandbox v a depth the 1 foot (30.48 cm) weighs about 900 pounds (410 kg) or slightly less than half a ton. The water contents of the sand is assumed to be moderate.

How much does a cubic meter the sand weigh?

A cubic meter of typical sand weighs 1,600 kilograms 1.6 tonnes. A square meter sandbox v a depth of 35 centimeter weighs about 560 kg or 0.56 tonnes. The numbers are obtained using this sand calculator.

How lot is a ton of sand?

A ton of sand is typically around 0.750 cubic yards (3/4 cu yd), or 20 cubic feet. Sand is assumed relatively damp, since adding water deserve to increase or decrease the thickness of the sand substantially (e.g. If it to be raining or if you dig up and also leave sand under the sun so water evaporates).

How lot is a tonne of sand?

A tonne the moderately wet sand typically fills about 0.625 m3 (cubic meters). It can be much more or less thick depending top top water content and the dimension of the sand particles.

Ton vs tonne, loads vs tonnes

When calculating the sand"s weight, make sure you do not confused the tonne (metric ton) with the ton (short ton). The first one is provided by all countries in the world and is identified to be same to 1000 kg by the global body the standardization. The ton is right now only provided in the unified States and also is equal to 2000 pounds (2000 lbs). The difference between the two is not vast but deserve to quickly add up to a significant number as the lot increases.

See more: How Many Pounds Is 118 Kilograms To Pounds, 118 Kg To Lbs Converter


<1> Krinsley D.H., Smalley I.J. (1972) "Sand", American Scientist 60:286-291

<2> ASTM C-778 - 17 "Standard Specification for traditional Sand"

Cite this calculator & page

If you"d favor to cite this virtual calculator source and information as listed on the page, you deserve to use the following citation: Georgiev G.Z., "Sand Calculator", easily accessible at: URL .