One that the major benefits of truckload shipping is the ability to continue the truck exactly to your demands using extensive equipment options. Here we will certainly take a look in ~ 3 the the an ext popular piece of equipment accessible for your truckload moves. Dried Vans room the most common type of truckload shipping and also is the option finest used with standard packaged freight that does not need to be temperature controlled. Refrigerated trucks, usually known as reefers, are used to transport temperature-sensitive goods. Flatbed trailers are provided to haul shipping of large, heavy, over-sized loads that cannot conveniently fit or pack within a dry van. It has no sides or roof which allows for obtainable loading native the top, side or behind of the trailer.

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Common FLT Specifications

Please Note: all truck specifications and dimensions space approximate and also are come be used only as a guide. Axle configurations and also manufacturers’ specifications may vary.

SpecificationsDry VanReeferFlatbed*
48 Foot53 Foot48 Foot53 Foot48 Foot53 Foot
Interior Dimensions:47’4” l x 8’6” W x 9’2” H52’4” l x 8’6” W x 9’2“ H46’6” l x 8’2” W x 8’8“ H52’2” together x 8’2” W x 8’8“ H48’ l x 8’6” W53’ l x 8’6” W
Door Dimensions:8’2” W x 9’2” H8’2” W x 9’2” H8’ W x 8’7” H8’ W x 8’7” H– – –– – –
Floor Space:389.81 sq. Ft.433.13 sq. Ft.379.75 sq. Ft.426.03 sq. Ft.408 sq. Ft.45.50 sq. Ft.
Usable Capacity:3,000 cu. Ft.3,800 cu. Ft.3,291.16 cu. Ft.3,692.24 cu. Ft.– – –– – –
Tare load (empty):10,850 lbs.15,000 lbs.14,500 lbs.15,500 lbs.13,430 lbs.15,000 lbs.
Max Payload:45,000 lbs.29,000 lbs.44,000 lbs.43,500 lbs.45,000 lbs.48,000 lbs.
Max # that 48” x 40” Pallets

24 or

28 turned**

26 or

30 turned**

22 or

26 turned**

24 or

28 turned**

24 unstacked / 48 stacked26 unstacked / 52 stacked
Max # the 42” x 42” Pallets2630262826 unstacked / 52 stacked30 unstacked / 60 stacked
*For flatbed trucks, a legal pack must not exceed 8’6” high, 8’6” vast and 48’/53’ long.**Figures room based upon utilizing 4-way pallets, which enables the forks of a forklift to enter on all 4 sides.

Quick referral Guide

Use this basic chart to assist you arrangement your van load.

Packaging TypeDimensions48′ dry Van53′ dried Van
Standard Pallet48” × 40”2426
Standard Pallet42” × 42”2630
Drum48” × 48”2426
Drum, Chemical44” × 44”2628
Chemical, Beverage Container48” × 42”2527
Chemical, Beverage Container36” × 36”3234
Dairy Crate40” × 40”2830
Automotive Crate48” × 45”2426
Beverage, document Crate48” × 36”2426
ISO Container35” × 45.5”2426
Retail Boxes48” × 20”6065

Calculating Freight Volume

If you are shipping non-palletized freight, friend will need to identify the freight volume the the shipment in order to arrange because that the most appropriately sized truck. Freight volume is the product of the length, time the width, time the height, times the amount (number that items) to it is in loaded.

(Length x W x H) x Quantity

Step 1: making use of a tape measure, identify the length, width, and also height the the carton, box, or item. Because that instance, you have actually a distribution which consists of 450 box of equal size and weight. The boxes are each 24 inches long, 24 inch wide, 18 inch high, and weigh 30 lbs.

Note: once calculating the volume of cylindrical packages, that is ideal to inspect with the transport to see if lock square the circle.

Step 2: main point the length, width, and height of a single box to recognize the volume in cubic inches. Making use of this example, we get 4,320 cu. In. The volume every box.

24 x 24 x 18 = 10,368

Step 3: convert the cubic inches come cubic feet by separating the full volume that cu. In. Through 1728. For this example, we get 6 cu. Ft.

10,368 ÷ 1728 = 6

Step 4: multiply the variety of boxes (quantity) by the volume that a single box. In this example, the complete freight volume is 3,000 cu. Ft.

450 x 6 = 2,700

Step 5: If her shipment includes a range of various shapes and also sizes being loaded (batches), simply repeat the formula because that each size and then add the batch volume totals with each other to calculation the overall freight volume for the whole shipment.

Step 6: calculation the overall weight of the payload (the total weight that the cargo) by multiply the quantity by the load of each item to be loaded. Making use of this example, the total payload weight is 3,000 lbs.

450 x 30 = 13,500 lbs.

Determining load Capacity

Now we know that the complete capacity (freight volume) for this distribution is 2,700 cu. Ft. And the total weight is 13,500 lbs. The following step is to interpret that capacity right into the proper truck.

Review the FTL specifications above to watch which truck can possibly accommodate this shipment.

Finding the appropriate Fit

For this example, our delivery meets the usable capacity and payload weight demands for a 48’ dried van. Yet let’s do some much more calculating come ensure the we fulfill the height and width restrictions. Let’s plan on configuring the truck through 4 boxes throughout the broad of the container, 23 rows across the length, and 5 stacks of box high, as displayed in the figure below, and also then calculate just how much space our fill will take it up.

Start by multiplying the size of a solitary box by the variety of rows of boxes stacked front to ago to calculation the total length that the load. The answer because that this instance is 552”. Then transform the inches come feet by dividing the complete inches through 12, for a full of 46 feet.

24 x 23 = 552 552 ÷ 12 = 46

Next, multiply the width of a single box by the number of boxes stack in a row across the width of the van to calculate the width of the load. The prize is 96”. Then transform the inches to feet by splitting the total inches by 12, because that a full of 8 feet.

24 x 4 = 96 96 ÷ 12 = 8

Then main point the elevation of a solitary box by the largest variety of stacked boxes from the floor up to calculate the total height that the load. The answer for this instance is 90”. Then convert the inches come feet by dividing the full inches through 12, for a total of 7 feet 6 inches.

18 x 5 – 90 90 ÷ 12 = 7.5

This configuration would take up 46’ length, by 8’ width, and also 7’6” height, v a full weight that 13,500 lbs. Based upon these calculations and also a testimonial of the most well-known FTL van sizes, a 48-foot dried van, with inner dimensions the 47’4” length, 8’6” width and 9’2” height with a maximum payload of 45,000 lbs., is the most proper for the instance above.


The specifications above are the industry’s averages, and equipment dimension or capacity may vary slightly.Usable capacity (volume) figures are based upon a perfect load, with no north space. The is impossible for most cargo to attain these capacity figures.The borders stated above are the maximum allowed on U.S. Roads. More heavier weight containers can be trucked, yet special permits and equipment will be required.Load limits for trucking differ by country. Be sure to inspect the neighborhood requirements for your cargo’s and also final destinations.

What if ns dont have sufficient goods to fill a complete truckload?

Considering how much an are is in a full truckload, clearly some businesses will certainly not be shipping sufficient to fill whole truck. If friend have small items or space shipping smaller sized quantities, one alternative for friend to consider is less Than Truckload (LTL) shipping.

LTL shipping is as soon as multiple businesses, who want to ship tiny volumes that freight less than 15,000 pounds, share a part of a trailer. This method that, rather of paying because that the entire truck, you just pay because that the room that you use, making that a expense efficient method of shipping freight.

Fortunately, over there are numerous other companies who want to delivery their assets in a consignment with various other companies. Contact your representative to see how we may assist you in consolidating her shipment.

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Need Help?

Still having trouble figuring out what size truck is the best fit for your cargo? Feel cost-free to call your representative. We will certainly be happy to answer any kind of questions you might have.