When the days obtain longer and brighter and also the temperatures begin to rise, the i m crying will start to feeling the pull of the adjustment season.

You are watching: How do hen and rooster mate

But how execute chickens mate?

Most that us perform not think about how chickens mate, why would certainly you?

But if you room in the organization of breeding and raising birds you need to understand a bit about the process. Even if you are raising a couple of backyard hen there are a few things that are helpful to understand about.

In this post we will define how chickens mate by adhering to the mating process starting indigenous the start to finish…


Contents and Quick Navigation

Problems through Mating

Courting and also Mating Behaviors

Courtship and mating behaviors are pushed by hormones.

Hormone levels boost in the birds as an ext daylight becomes easily accessible during spring time.

It is throughout this time that hens will look because that the chosen rooster.

What does the chosen one sell you might ask – how is he different from the others?

The head or alpha rooster will be the leader the the pack. that will most likely be the largest, have the best feathers and also his comb and wattles will be the reddest.

He is also the finest provider and also protector of the flock.

Surprisingly hens do consider all of this, ~ all, survival is the name of the game and also the chicks will require the best genes for a cracking start at life. Younger males may compete for the top spot and also the winner will become (or stay) leader until he is defeated.

When mating season beginning the rooster will go into overdrive – mating will come to be his occupation and obsession.

In the wild survival have the right to be a issue of numbers. For this reason the an ext offspring a rooster produce the far better chance the flock has actually of surviving.

He is in ~ his many potent beforehand in the morning and also again in the night (but he will mate all day long if the can). Roosters have actually been recorded as mating approximately 30 times a day.

To shot and admire females he will tidbit – this is where the rooster find a tasty treat and calls the hens over to inspect it.

He will tuk tuk them and also keep picking up the food and dropping it prepared for her inspection. The head bobbing behavior is believed to be a ploy to lure attention to his wattles and also comb. If the hen likes what he has found, she will certainly eat.

While these behaviors may not straight lead to adjustment at the time, the hen will remember.


The roosters will start to get a bit much more active and also the hens will start to become much more receptive come his advances.

Just choose with our species, masculine chickens like to impress the ladies. Being a gentleman is remembered by the hens and the likelihood of she mating with him increases.

When he has actually selected his favored female, the will do a tiny courtly dance about her come signal his interest. He may get rebuffed several times with some hens yet once he is ~ above a role there is no stopping him.

Secondary roosters will additionally attempt to mate through hens in the flock. They will certainly be chased far from the hen constantly and battles have the right to happen. However research reveals that some of them do gain to mate v the hens occasionally by using quiet and also devious tactics.

Some roosters offer false assures – castle tuk tuk over nothing and then shot to woo the hen in question. Commonly she will have none that it and also false assures are remembered!

How carry out Chickens Mate

Chicken mating is precarious at best and watching your chickens mate can lead to some seriously funny moments.

They will certainly mate once they are good and ready – no quantity of rooster dancing will certainly make them carry out otherwise.

In reality some hens will never ever submit come the rooster.

When she is ready she will get in a squatting position to signal submissiveness to the rooster.

Her wings will certainly be held slightly out to the sides and her head and also body are lower to the ground. This place helps the rooster to maintain balance while the is treading her.

A rooster’s anatomy is a bit daunting for the negative boy. The does not have a cock to speak of, just a tiny bump dubbed a papilla the is situated inside his cloaca. There is no act of penetration, instead the will give her what is known as a cloacal kiss.

Once the hops aboard the hens back he have to position himself closely so the their cloacas can touch – she will lean forward while the is leaning contempt backward. When the cloacas touch, his cloaca will provide the sperm package to the hen whose cloaca has actually everted (turned out) to receive the package.

All this typically takes much less than 30 seconds. He will walk away, perhaps crow, she will shake herself and also carry ~ above with every little thing she to be doing at the time – ahh, romance!

To know what happens following we will enter the hen’s anatomy so we have the right to understand the trip of the sperm and also fertilization.

This video gives a an excellent overview of the parts of the hen’s reproductive tract and also the attributes of those assorted parts.

Once the rooster has delivered his sperm package, the sperm will proceed their journey up the reproductive tract. A sperm package have the right to contain up to 5 exchange rate sperm (if the rooster is at his peak).

The sperm have a long means to go and also will need to travel up to the infundibulum i m sorry is a distance of around 25 inches.

Not all sperm will travel up to the infundibulum in ~ the very same time.

Some will certainly be save in little tubules or pouches in the hen’s vagina (this is reserve sperm and is viable for 4-5 days). Hens have the right to store sperm indigenous multiple roosters and can additionally eject around 80% of a rooster’s sperm if she decides that is unworthy.

Problems with Mating


Non-dominant rooster: If the rooster is not leading over the hen she might be an extremely unwilling to mate through him and also may refuse completely. You have the right to see this when a young, new rooster is introduced to the flock. The older an ext dominant hens will certainly stand as much as him and also may reason him injury. Together your young rooster grows and matures this issue should take care of itself.

Feathers and also fluff: bird that have a the majority of fluffy feathering in ~ the behind can reason problems through insemination. Occasionally it is necessary to trim the feathers approximately the cloaca to allow better access because that the rooster.

Obesity: This is a difficulty with some backyard flocks. We all love to spoil our chickens however obese hens can have part fertility and egg laying issues as a direct result.

Size: No issue how tough he tries, you are going come have problems mating a bantam male to a conventional hen. It can be done however it requires patience and also persistence on her rooster’s behalf.

Injuries: occasionally an overexuberant rooster can tear up hens. In this instance it is best to replace him.

Caring For injured Hens


Hens can gain injured due to the fact that of:

Over mating.Inexperienced roosters.Or roosters with lengthy spurs.

Over mating deserve to be solved easily. Eliminate the hen indigenous the adjustment pens and also let her recuperate for at least a few weeks.

Now top top inexperienced roosters, lock can cause some hens a lot of damage. After they mate girlfriend should check your hen for any open wounds that should be treated. If you have actually open wounds to treat, use level Neosporin or a perfect balm top top the wounds and also keep she isolated till the wounds have actually healed. Large skin tears need to be evaluated by a veterinarian as stronger antibiotics might be needed in addition to stitches.

If that keeps cutting she then making use of a hen saddle will help. The hens deserve to wear them while the rooster is mating with them – it saves their feathers and skin a the majority of wear and also tear. Simply make sure to check the saddle every day. The saddle renders the back warm and inviting to lice and also mites, so check frequently!

Finally, roosters with long spurs. Make sure to trim them prior to mating season starts. This will stop some of the generally seen damage.

Frequently asked Questions

How to make chickens and also roosters mate?

Generally speaking roosters seldom need any type of encouragement come mate. If girlfriend have specific birds the you want to mate, put them right into a pen together and also give lock time.

Do chickens need a rooster to lay eggs?


Chickens will lay eggs without a rooster.

How regularly do chicken mate?

In the mating season a rooster deserve to mate plenty of times each day (between 10-30 times a day). Hopefully this is no the same bad hen!

What is selective breeding?

Selective breeding is where only the best versions the the breed are breed. This is done to improve the egg laying, meat or appearance of the bird. Selective breeding in past times has provided us every one of our lovely breeds including Orpingtons, Rhode Island Reds and also Silkies.


When reproduction your chicken your biggest problem should be because that the welfare of your hens.

Make certain your hens do not obtain over-mated throughout the season.

If you room looking for proactively broody breeds then breeds such as Silkies and Cochins space happy come sit on any bird’s egg in bespeak to flower them.

See more: How To Remove Electrical Tape Residue Easily, How To Remove Duct Tape Residue

We expect this has actually been helpful in explaining a couple of things around the mating procedure for you.

If girlfriend still have any questions then let us understand in the comments ar below… will certainly you be breeding your chicken this year?