The Renaissance to be a fervent period of european cultural, artistic, political and economic “rebirth” complying with the center Ages. Generally defined as taking place from the 14th century to the 17th century, the Renaissance supported the rediscovery of classic philosophy, literature and also art. Some of the greatest thinkers, authors, statesmen, scientists and also artists in person thrived during this era, while an international exploration opened up up new lands and cultures to europe commerce. The Renaissance is credited with bridging the gap between the middle Ages and modern-day civilization.

From Darkness come Light: The Renaissance begins

During the middle Ages, a period that took place in between the loss of ancient Rome in 476 A.D. And the beginning of the 14th century, europeans made few advances in science and also art.

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Also known as the “Dark Ages,” the era is often branded as a time that war, ignorance, famine and pandemics such together the black Death.

Some historians, however, believe that together grim depictions the the Middle ages were considerably exaggerated, though countless agree that there was reasonably little for for ancient Greek and also Roman philosophies and also learning in ~ the time.

READ MORE: 6 reasons the Dark eras Weren't for this reason Dark


During the 14th century, a social movement called humanism started to get momentum in Italy. Among its countless principles, humanism supported the idea that male was the facility of his very own universe, and people should take on human achievements in education, classic arts, literature and also science.

In 1450, the innovation of the Gutenberg print press allowed for improved interaction throughout Europe and for ideas to spread much more quickly.

As a result of this advance in communication, little-known messages from early humanist authors such together those through Francesco Petrarch and Giovanni Boccaccio, which advocated the regeneration of classic Greek and also Roman culture and values, to be printed and also distributed come the masses.

Additionally, many scholars believe breakthroughs in international finance and also trade impacted society in Europe and set the stage for the Renaissance.

Medici family

The Renaissance began in Florence, Italy, a place with a rich cultural where wealthy citizens can afford to assistance budding artists.

Members that the powerful Medici family, which rule Florence for an ext than 60 years, were famed backers that the movement.

Great Italian writers, artists, politicians and others asserted that they to be participating in an intellectual and also artistic transformation that would certainly be much different from what they experienced throughout the Dark Ages.

The movement an initial expanded to other Italian city-states, such together Venice, Milan, Bologna, Ferrara and Rome. Then, during the 15th century, Renaissance concepts spread from Italy to France and also then throughout western and northern Europe.

Although various other European nations experienced their Renaissance later than Italy, the results were tho revolutionary.

Renaissance Geniuses

Some the the most famous and groundbreaking Renaissance intellectuals, artists, scientists and also writers incorporate the likes of:

Giotto (1266-1337): Italian painter and architect whose more realistic depictions of human emotions affected generations that artists. Best known because that his frescoes in the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua.

William Tyndale (1494–1536): English biblical translator, humanist and scholar melted at the stake because that translating the bible into English.

William Byrd (1539/40–1623): English composer recognized for his development of the English madrigal and his religious organ music.

Renaissance Art, Architecture and Science

Art, architecture and science were closely linked throughout the Renaissance. In fact, it was a unique time when these fields of study fused with each other seamlessly.

For instance, artists like da Vinci integrated scientific principles, such together anatomy right into their work, for this reason they can recreate the person body v extraordinary precision.

Architects such as Filippo Brunelleschi studied mathematics to correctly engineer and also design immense structures with expansive domes.

Scientific discoveries led to major shifts in thinking: Galileo and also Descartes gift a brand-new view of astrology and mathematics, if Copernicus proposed that the Sun, not the Earth, was the center of the solar system.

Renaissance art was defined by realism and also naturalism. Artists strived to depict people and objects in a true-to-life way.

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They supplied techniques, such as perspective, shadows and also light to include depth to your work. Emotion was another quality the artists tried to infuse right into their pieces.

Some that the most famous artistic works that were produced during the Renaissance include:

The Mona Lisa (Da Vinci)The critical Supper (Da Vinci)Statue the David (Michelangelo)The bear of Venus (Botticelli)The development of Adam (Michelangelo)

Renaissance expedition

While numerous artists and also thinkers supplied their talent to express brand-new ideas, part Europeans took to the seas to learn much more about the world roughly them. In a duration known as the age of Discovery, several necessary explorations were made.

Voyagers launched expeditions to travel the entire globe. They discovered new shipping routes to the Americas, India and also the far East and explorers trekked across areas that weren’t totally mapped.

Famous journeys to be taken through Ferdinand Magellan, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci (after who America is named), Marco Polo, Ponce de Leon, Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Hernando De Soto and also other explorers.

READ MORE: The period of Exploration

Renaissance religion

Humanism urged Europeans to concern the duty of the roman inn Catholic church throughout the Renaissance.

As much more people learned how to read, write and also interpret ideas, they started to closely examine and also critique religion as castle knew it. Also, the print press permitted for texts, consisting of the Bible, come be conveniently reproduced and also widely review by the people, themselves, for the very first time.

In the 16th century, boy name Luther, a German monk, led the Protestant reformation – a revolutionary movement that led to a split in the Catholic church. Luther questioned plenty of of the methods of the church and whether they aligned with the teachings of the Bible.

As a result, a new type of Christianity, well-known as Protestantism, was created.

End that the Renaissance

Scholars believe the demise of the Renaissance was the an outcome of number of compounding factors.

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By the end of the 15th century, countless wars had actually plagued the Italian peninsula. Spanish, French and German invaders battling because that Italian territories led to disruption and also instability in the region.