Main distinction – flat vs ring Characters

Characters are a crucial component of any kind of literary work. Characters can it is in sorted right into different varieties according to their creation and development. Flat and also round characters are one together classification. Static and also dynamic characters are an additional classification. These two terms, flat characters and also round characters, were an initial used through E. M Forster in his book, Aspects of the novel.

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Flat characters are two-dimensional, reasonably uncomplicated figures whereas round personalities are complex characters with plenty of different characteristics. This is the main difference between flat and round characters.


Who is a flat Character

A flat character is a character that is uncomplicated and also remains the very same throughout the fictional work. A level character is likewise characterized by only by one or 2 traits. Back the term flat character is frequently used in a negative sense by modern critics, E.M Foster, that was the an initial to propose these terms, merely uses the term to describe a personality who can be summed up in a sentence.

Foster likewise points out some advantages of flat characters: flat characters are easily recognized. They are likewise easily remembered due to the fact that they nothing change. He additionally states the flat personalities can be used finest as comic characters. “A serious or tragic level character is apt to be a bore.” He provides the personality of Mrs. Micawber in Charles Dickens’s David Copperfield as an example of level characters. Gollum in the Lord that the Rings and also Olaf in Frozen room some other examples of flat characters.


Gollum in the lord of the ring – an instance of flat character


Elizabeth Bennet in Pride and Prejudice is an example of ring character

Difference between Flat and Round Characters


Flat character is one uncomplicated, two-dimensional character who may not be fully delineated by the author.

Round character is a complex character who personality, motives and also other functions are completely delineated by the author. 


Flat characters space uncomplicated.

Round characters are complex.


Flat characters stay the very same throughout the work.

Round characters undergo change.


Flat characters are characterized by one or two traits.

Round characters are identified by countless different, even contradictory character traits.

Summing Up

Flat characters deserve to be summed in one or 2 sentences.

Round characters can not be synthetic up easily.

Static vs Dynamic

Flat characters often tend to be static.

Round characters have tendency to it is in dynamic characters.


Flat characters cannot surprise the readers because they space predictable.

Round characters deserve to surprise the readers.

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Forster, Edward Morgan. “Aspects the thé Novel.” (1927).

Image Courtesy:

“Elisabeth Bennet” by C. E. Brock – Scans indigenous the publication at (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia 

“Gollum’s trip commences” by Frédéric Bennett (Benef) – (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia