The Aztecs, who called themselves Mexica, greatly used the 2 calendars Tonalpohualli / Tzolkin and also Xiuhpohualli / Haab, which did not differ in their setting of operation. One of the significant differences between the Aztec vs Mayan calendars that we can see is the absence of a lengthy Count calendar (Mayan long Count calendar).

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In the Mayan lengthy Count calendar, the counting of cycles have the right to reach unimaginable time durations from the allude of view of human life.

For example, 1 Alautun = 23,040,000,000 days.

Meanwhile, in the Aztecs, the bicycle would end only ~ above the 52-year Tonalpohualli / Tzolkin cycle.

Both people coexisted near together, so ns personally think the Aztecs additionally used the long Count calendar. However, what is well-known as the lengthy Count was introduced to it is in perfected by the Mayan in classic time.


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The three Souls

The Tonalpohualli / Tzolkin calendar is a mix of three main cycles: 13 numbers, 20 gods of the day and 9 lords that the night.

The explanation of this cycles in Tonalpohualli:

1. Tonalli (Shadow soul – twenty-day cycle) – resides in the mind and offers for thought, identify consciousness.

2. Teyollia (Spirit soul – bicycle of thirteen numbers) – Spirit soul is implanted in the heart and also provides because that subconscious emotion.

3. Ihiyotl (Aura heart – nine-day cycle) – Aura spirit is lodged in the liver and provides the fundamental life force necessary to survive. The is the power that sparks and maintains life in the body and also subconscious instinct.

Tonalpohualli / Tzolkin

Below I desire to introduce readers come the Aztec calendars and their equivalents in the Mayan calendars.

Mayan, Yucatan nameAztec name
1Imix (waterlity)Cipactli (caiman)
2Ik (wind)Ehecatl (wind)
3Akbal (darkness)Calli (house)
4Kan (maize)Cuetzpallin (lizard
5Chicchan (celestial snake)Coatl(serpent)
6Cimi (death)Miquiztli (death)
7Manik (deer)Mazatl (deer)
8Lamat (Venus)Tochtli (rabbit)
9Muluc (jade,water)Atl (water)
10Oc (dog)Itzcuintli (dog)
11Chuen (monkey)Ozomahtli (monkey
12Eb (evil rain?)Malinalli (grass)
13Ben (green maize)Acatl (reed)
14Ix (jaguar)Ocelotl (jaguar)
15Men (eagle)Cuauhtli (eagle)
16Cib (wax/owl)Cozcacuauhtli (vulture)
17Caban (earth)Ollin (movement)
18Edznab (flint)Tecpatl (knife)
19Cauac (storm)Quiahuitl (rain)
20Ahau (lord)Xochitl (flower)

All Aztec words are from the Nahuatl language, created in the Latin alphabet. We check out the same as Spanish words. Because that’s just how they were converted through the Spanish to the Latin alphabet.

Nine Lords the Night

The name of the nine Night Lords that the Maya are unknown. They room written through the letter G and numbers. Because that example, G1, G2, etc.

But in Aztec astrology, we know their names:

1. Xiuhtecuhtli (lord of central fire) / Direction – Center

2. Itztli (sacrificial knife god) / Direction – East

3. Pilzintecuhtli (sun god) / Direction – East

4. Cinteotl (maize god) / Direction – South

5. Mictlantecuhtli (god of underworld) / Direction – South

6. Chalchiuhtlicue (water goddess) / Direction – West

7. Tlazolteotl (filth goddess) West

8. Tepeyollotl (jaguar god) / Direction – North

9. Tlaloc (rain god) / Direction – North

Lords that the Day

Thirteen Lords the the work accompany every day of the 13-day trecena.

According to most Aztec sources, these gods run as follows:

1. Xiuhtecuhtli

2. Tlaltecuhtli

3. Chalchiuhtlicue

4. Tonatiuh

5. Tlazolteotl

6. Mictlantecuhtli

7. Cinteotl

8. Tlaloc

9. Quetzalcoatl

10. Tezcatlipoca

11. Chalmacatecuhtli

12. Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli

13. Citlalincue

Xiuhpohualli / Haab

The 2nd Solar calendar had no divination an interpretation like Tonalpohualli / Tzolkin. He was a polite calendar, was linked to farming practices and also held an essential place in Aztec religion.

It was divided into eighteen Veintenas (Spanish for twenty), twenty-day periods:

Haab Xiuhpohualli
PopIzcalli
WoAtlcahualo or Xilomanaliztli
SipTlacaxipehualiztli
SotzTozoztontli
SekHueytozoztli
XulToxacatl or Tepopochtli
YaxkinEtzalcualiztli
MolTecuilhuitontli
ChenHueytecuilhuitl
YaxTlaxochimaco or Miccailhuitontli
SakXocotlhuetzi or Hueymiccailhuitl
KehOchpaniztli
MakTeotleco or Pachtontli
KankinTepeilhuitl or Hueypachtli
MuwanQuecholli
PaxPanquetzaliztli
KayabAtemoztli
KumkuTititl

The 18 Veintenas were flourished by the Nemontemi, or nameless days, ~ Tititl, before the start of a brand-new 365 day year.

One Astrology, 2 Faces

Most Mesoamerican worlds used one astrology that was given to them by the gods.

The exact same as the Chaldeans, who point out the Oannes who taught them agriculture, to read, write and also study the stars. West astrology is acquired from the Chaldeans amongst others, but likewise from Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, and Etruscan.

I write around this to present readers the one branch the astrology can have numerous origins. In these ‘branches’ there will be a various language, or slim differences, in the same method that we have the right to see the differences in between a physics teacher indigenous Germany and also a physics teacher indigenous England.

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Therefore, in this article, I wanted to briefly present you come Mesoamerican astrology from this side of the Aztec civilization.

It is precious considering whether it is exactly to categorize astrology through culture?