ROMEOHe jests at scars that never felt a wound.But, soft! what light v yonder window breaks?It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon,Who is already sick and also pale through grief,That thou she maid art far an ext fair 보다 she:Be not her maid, due to the fact that she is envious;Her vestal livery is yet sick and also greenAnd none yet fools execute wear it; actors it off.It is mine lady, O, the is my love!10O, the she knew she were!She speaks yet she states nothing: what of that?Her eye discourses; I will answer it.I am also bold, "tis no to me she speaks:Two that the fairest stars in every the heaven,Having some business, do entreat her eyesTo twinkle in your spheres till they return.What if her eyes to be there, lock in she head?The brightness of she cheek would shame those stars,As daylight doth a lamp; she eyes in heaven20Would with the airy region stream so brightThat birds would certainly sing and also think the were not night.See, just how she leans she cheek upon she hand!O, that i were a glove upon that hand,That I might touch the cheek!JULIETAy me!ROMEOShe speaks:O, speak again, bright angel! for thou artAs glorious to this night, gift o"er mine headAs is a winged messenger the heavenUnto the white-upturned wondering eyesOf mortals the fall earlier to rigid on him30When that bestrides the lazy-pacing cloudsAnd sails upon the bosom of the air.JULIETO Romeo, Romeo! wherefore arts thou Romeo?Deny your father and also refuse her name;Or, if thou wilt not, be but sworn mine love,And I"ll no longer be a Capulet.ROMEOFrom Romeo and Juliet. Ed. K. Deighton. London: Macmillan.__________Prologue1. he jests ... Wound, Mercutio, who never felt the wound that love, may well jest at the scars i beg your pardon Cupid"s arrows have actually left in my heart. The this is not a general, but a particular, comment is, i think, showed by the comment rhyme, together Staunton has actually noticed. And as no the folios no one the quartos make any department of scene, such division, originally due to Rowe, seems clearly wrong. 2. Soft! he bids self "hush," warns himself to speak in a lower voice. 4. Envious, jealous. 7. Be no her maid, no longer serve her, no longer keep a vow to live unmarried; together Diana"s votaries pledged us to do. 8. Her vestal ... Green, the life of chastity to which she binds her priestess is just one of sickly, jaundiced, hue. In sick and also green over there is probably, together Delius suggests, one allusion to the "green-sickness" of which Shakespeare frequently speaks, and which in iii. 5. 157, below, Capulet uses as one epithet to Juliet in his anger at she refusal the Paris, "Out, you green-sickness carrion! out, girlfriend baggage! girlfriend tallow-face," — one ailment that languishing girls identified by a pale complexion. The reading of the very first quarto is pale because that sick, and this is desired by many editors. Collier would adjust sick right into white, seeing in the heat an allusion come the white and green livery formerly worn by the Court fools; yet it seems unlikely the Shakespeare would use words fools in this literal sense when referring to Juliet, while, as approve White clues out, if together an allusion to be intended, it would be acquired from the analysis of the first quarto, pale, there is no the violent adjust to white; vestal livery. Vesta was the roman goddess that the hearth, equivalent with the Greek Hestia, and also her priestesses were vowed to a life that chastity and celibacy; cp. Per. Iii. 4. 10, "A vestal livery will certainly I take me to, and never more have joy." 12. What that that? yet that problem little. 13. Discourses, is eloquent in its mere look. 16. Part business, some private affairs the their own which would certainly be hindered through their having actually to execute their nightly duty of lighting up the sky. 17. In their spheres. Follow to the Ptolemaic device of astronomy, round around the earth, which to be the center of the system, were nine hollow spheres, consists of the 7 planets, the fixed stars or firmament, and the Primum Mobile; the spheres through the stars and also planets in them being whirled round the earth in twenty-four hrs by the driving power, the Primum Mobile. 21. The airy region, the top air; region, was initially a division of the sky marked out through the roman augurs. In later times the setting was separated into three regions, upper, middle, and also lower. Cp. Also Haml. Ii. 2. 509. 24, 5. O, that ... Cheek, cp. Tennyson, The Miller"s Daughter, 169-186. 28. Winged messenger, angel. 29. White-upturned, turned up in adoration so the the pupils are scarcely seen. 30. Autumn back, stand back in awe, and also in stimulate to obtain a fingerprint view. 31. Lazy-pacing, gradually drifting. Approve White compare Macb. I. 7. 21-5; lazy-pacing is Pope"s conjecture because that lasie pacing, the the first quarto; the remaining quartos and the folios provide lazie, or lazy, puffing. 34. Refuse, disown, disclaim; cp. T. C. Iv. 5. 267, "We have had actually pelting wars, because you refuse The Grecians" cause." 37. Speak in ~ this, answer she without allowing her to go further, interrupt she at this point. 39. Thou art ... Montague. Staunton defines "That is, as she later on expresses it, you would still retain all the perfections which ardorn you, were not referred to as Montague"; and so substantially give White, despite Dyce calls such an explanation "unintelligible." rather follow Malone in putting the comma ~ though, as provided in the sense of however, v the explanation the Juliet is just endeavouring to account for Romeo"s gift amiable and excellent despite he is a Montague, come prove i m sorry she asserts the he merely bears the name, but has nobody of the features of that house. Various emendations have additionally been proposed, yet Staunton"s explanation seems to me rather satisfactory. 42. It is in some various other name, be somebody else in name 보다 Montague. Lettsom objects that Shakespeare can not have actually written "be some various other name"; yet after the expression "What"s Montague?", whereby "Montague" is used as despite it were a thing, there seems no reason why we must not have actually "be some other name." 46. Owes, owns; as frequently in Elizabethan literature, the last n that the M. E. Owen, come pcssess, gift dropped. The contemporary sense of words "to it is in in debt," "to it is in obliged," comes from the sense of own another"s property, however the word has no etymological link with to "own" = come possess; it being from the A.S. Agan, come have, while the latter is from the A.S. Agnian, come appropriate, claim as one"s own, native agn, contracted kind of agen, one"s very own (Skeat, Ety. Dict.). 47. Doff, placed off; do off, together don, execute on; dup, perform up; dout, do out. 48. Because that thy name, in exchange for your name. 53. So stumblest on mine counsel, come so all of sudden upon my mystery thouglits; cp. M. N. D. I. 1. 216, "Emptying ours bosoms of your counsel sweet," i.e. Confiding to each various other our inmost thoughts. 53, 4. By a name... Am, if I could let you recognize who ns am without using a name, I would gladly do so, because that it is difficult for me to name myself there is no distressing you. 55. Saint. Delius points the end that this word recalls their very first meeting when, as a pilgrim, Romeo had actually thus greeted Juliet. 58. Drunk, unconsciously acknowledging the avidity through which she had actually listened come his words. 61. If one of two people thee dislike, if either be uncomfortable to your ears; dislike is yes, really impersonal, as in Oth. Ii. 3. 49, "I"ll do"t; but it mislike"s me." 64. And also the place death, and to venture here is to threat your life. 66. O"er-perch this walls, fly end these walls and settle here, as a bird settles upon a branch after ~ a trip from some various other spot; a perch is literally a rod, bar, then a bough or twig on i m sorry a bird settles. 67. Stony limits, limits formed that stone, i.e. Walls; stony, more commonly used as = the the nature of. 69. Space no let to me, are no hindrance to me, cannot bar my way and store me out. 71. Alack, follow to Skeat, one of two people a corruption the "ah! lord," or, which seems an ext probable, from ah! and also M. E. Lak, loss, failure. 73. Proof against, able come endure, organize out against; see keep in mind on i. 1. 216. 76. Yet thou love me ... Here, except, unless, you love me, ns am rather willing that they should find me here and also kill me; without her love, life to me is not worth living. 78. Than death ... Love, than that my fatality should be delay if i am to it is in without your love; prorogued, the Lat. Prorogare to be to suggest a further expansion of office, lience to defer, though literally meaning only to ask publicly, native pro-, publicly, and also rogare, to ask. 81. Counsel, advice. 83. Huge shore. "Lat. Vastus, empty, waste" (Walker). 84. I would certainly adventure for, I would make my trip in pursuit of, however an excellent the danger. 88. Fain ... Form, gladly would certainly I, if it to be possible, was standing on ceremony through you, treat girlfriend with remote formality; Fain, correctly an adjective. 89. However farewell compliment, "but away through formality and also punctilio" (Staunton); i now actors such points to the winds. 93. Laughs, good-humouredly disdains to punish them. Douce to compare Marlowe"s translation of Ovid"s arts of Love, i. 633, "For Jove himself sits in the azure skies, and also laughs listed below at lover"s perjuries," indigenous which he thinks that Shakespeare borrowed. 94. Pronounce it faithfully, assure me of her love without adding an oath to check your words. 97. So, noted that. 98. Fond, foolishly loving; fond, originally fonned, the previous participle that the verb fonnen, come act foolishly, native the substantive fon, a fool. 99. Light, full of levity, wanton. 101. More cunning ... Strange, an ext skill in affecting coyness. 104. Passion, passionate confession; words was previously used that any solid emotion. 106. I m sorry the dark ... Discovered, i m sorry (love) has actually been revealed to you through the darkness that the night who office should be come conceal; which you have uncovered thanks come the darkness of the night. 110. Circled, revolving; not, i think, "round," together Schmidt explains. 111. Likewise, equally. 113. Gracious, attractive, detect favour in mine eyes; cp. T. A. I. 1. 429, "if ever Tamora to be gracious in those princely eye of thine." This is the reading of the an initial quarto, the other old duplicates giving glorious, which approve White thinks an ext suitable to the context. 114.of my idolatry, that i worship. 117. I have actually ... To-night, i feel no pleasure in currently ratifying with oaths a contract between us. Prefer Romeo, i. 4. 106-11, she has a presentiment of part evil befalling your plighted love. 118. Unadvised, imprudent, formed without enough consideration. 121, 2. This bud that love ... Meet, this new love that ours, cherished in our hearts, may increase into full growth by the moment we following meet, as beneath the summer"s warmth the bud broadens into a beauteous blossom. as that ... Breast, "as to the heart within my breast" (Delius). 126. Satisfaction, Delius points the end the double sense here of payment and comfort. 129. And yet ... Again, and also yet i wish I had not provided it, in order the I could now again have the delight of giving it.131. Frank, liberal, cost-free of hand; cp. Lear, iii. 4. 20, "Your old sort father, whose frank heart provided all." 132. The point I have. Sc. She own unlimited love. 143. If the ... Honourable, if her love is honourable in that intentions; for that, as a conjunctional affix, see Abb. § 287. 145. Procure come come, arrange to have sent. 146. The rite, sc. That marriage. 152. By and also by, in a minute, directly. 153. Suit. Malone quotes from Brooke"s poem, Romeus and Juliet, "and currently your Juliet you beseekes to cease her sute, and also suffer her to live emong she likes." 154. So prosper my soul — may my soul prosper (according together I average well come you), the concluding native being damaged off by Juliet"s farewell. 156. A thousand ... Light, in answer come Juliet"s wish of good-night he says, nay, not good night but bad night, night do a thousand time the worse by the lack of you who room its just light. 158. Towards ... Looks, sc. Together schoolboys walk toward, etc. 159. Hist! Listen! 159, 60. O, for ... Again! would that I had actually a voice that would bring ago my tenderness Romeo as surely together the falconer"s voice brings ack the tassel-gentle! "The tassel or tiercel (for therefore it have to be spelled) is the male of the gosshawk; so called since it is a tierce or third less 보다 the female...This varieties of hawk had the epithet gentle annexed to it, native the ease with which it to be tamed, and its attachments to man" (Steevens). "It appears," add to Malone, "that specific hawks were thought about as appropriated to certain ranks. The tercel-gentle was appropriated come the prince, and also thence was chosen by Juliet together an appellation for her beloved Romeo." 161. Bondage ... Aloud, one fettered, constrained by fear of gift overheard, favor me, is as lot unable to contact aloud together one whose voice is quit by hoarseness that the throat. 162. Else ... Lies, otherwise through my loud cries I would rend the cavern in which Echo dwells; Echo, an Oread who by Juno was changed into a gift neither able come speak until somebody had spoken, no one to it is in silent when anybody had actually spoken. 163. And also make ... Mine, and, through compelling she to repeat mine cries, make her hoarser than myself even. Dyce compares Comus, 208, "And airy tongues that syllable men"s surname On sands and shores and desert wildernesses." 166. Silver-sweet, in allusion to the sweet ton of bells make of silver. 167. Attending, attentive. 173. To have ... There, in stimulate to store you standing there. 175. To have actually ... Forget, so the you may continue to forget. 176. Forget ... This, forgetting that ns have any kind of home but this, forgetting the this is not really mine home. 178. A wanton"s bird, the pet bird the a mischievous girl, a girl that loves come tease she pets. 180. Gyves, chains, fetters. 182. So loving-jealous ... Liberty, therefore fond the it and also yet so jealousy of its gaining its liberty. 186. Shall say good night, shall proceed saying "good night." 188. So sweet come rest, having actually so sweet a resting place. 189. Ghostly father, spirituality father; father, a title given to catholic priests. 190. Mine dear hap, the an excellent fortune that has befallen me; hap, fortune, chance, accident, native which we gain to "happen" and also "happy." How to point out the explanatory notes: Shakespeare, William. Romeo and Juliet. Ed. K. Deighton. London: Macmillan, 1916. Shakespeare Online. 20 Feb. 2013. .How to point out the sidebar:Mabillard, Amanda. Notes on Shakespeare. Shakespeare Online. 20 Feb. 2013. . ______Even more...Daily Life in Shakespeare"s London Life in Stratford (structures and also guilds) Life in Stratford (trades, laws, furniture, hygiene) Stratford college Days: What did Shakespeare Read? gamings in Shakespeare"s England games in Shakespeare"s England An Elizabethan Christmas apparel in Elizabethan England Queen Elizabeth: Shakespeare"s Patron King James i of England: Shakespeare"s Patron The Earl that Southampton: Shakespeare"s Patron Going come a beat in Elizabethan London Ben Jonson and also the decline of the DramaPublishing in Elizabethan EnglandShakespeare"s Audience religion in Shakespeare"s EnglandAlchemy and Astrology in Shakespeare"s DayEntertainment in Elizabethan England London"s very first Public Playhouse Shakespeare hits the big Time
Notes on Romeo and Juliet
Juliet appears above at a home window (stage direction). Shakespeare go not encompass this phase direction and it is not in Q1 or the an initial Folio. It was included in the 17th century and has remained ever before since, although part editors select to location the direction right after Romeo"s heat "He jests in ~ scars that never felt a wound" (1), while rather insert it right prior to Romeo claims "It is my lady, O the is mine love" (10). ____
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sick and green > The phrase sick and also green refers to the anaemic condition known together chlorosis, or green sickness. The goddess Diana (the moon personified) is sickly pale and envious of Juliet"s beauty, beauty (6). Juliet, too, together a follower of Diana (i.e,. A virgin) is looking fairly sickly pale herself. As Helen King says in her book The disease of virgins: eco-friendly sickness, chlorosis and also the difficulties of puberty, "...for one early contemporary reader, the condition label "green sickness" - like "the condition of virgins" - might contain within itself the cure: sexual experience" (35). Check out on...
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