An average cow weighs between 800lbs and 1400lbs (approximately 360kg – 635kg), although cow load varies depending upon the breed and also age the the cow.

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The largest cattle breeds have the right to weigh up to 3500lbs (1600kg). Males have tendency to weigh an ext than females, and also beef cows tend to weigh much more than dairy product cows.


In this article, we’re walking to break down average cow weights across various each other of cattle, learn exactly how much cows sweet at various ages, and look at some points that affect the weight of cattle.

How hefty are Cows?

According to the USDA, the average weight of every adult livestock at the point of slaughter to be 1371lbs (621 kg).

This number is a great starting point, however it’s not the whole picture. Cattle are normally slaughtered when their weight is together high as feasible to maximize profits, therefore this number is no a true have fun of the median weight of every living cows

To find the median weight of all cows, fine look at the mean weight the the most typical breeds and work the end a rough mean weight for every cows based upon the popular of each breed.

Distribution the Beef/Dairy livestock in the USA

In the joined States, the total cattle inventory for 2021 was 93.6 million head that cattle. Follow to the us Dept of Agriculture, about 40.6 million of the total livestock in the United says are adults, through the remainder being consisted of of calves.

Of the 40.6 million adult cattle in the unified States, there space 31.2 million beef cattle and also 9.4 million dairy cattle. This method that about 77% that adult cattle are beef cattle and 23% room dairy cattle.

Cattle list (2021) Table

Source: us Dept of farming 2021 livestock Report

Number (Head of Cattle)Percentage that Adult Cattle
Total Adult Cattle40,600,000100%
Beef Cattle31,200,00076.8%
Dairy Cattle9,400,00023.2%

How much Does an mean Dairy Cow Weigh?

For the mean weight of a dairy products cow, we will certainly look in ~ the load of the Friesian-Holstein breed, due to the fact that this details breed renders up end 94% of every dairy cattle in the united States.

According to Pennsylvania State University, the typical weight of one adult Friesian-Holstein dairy product cow is 1,200lbs at 24 months.

Dairy cattle usually weigh much less than beef cattle, due to the fact that dairy cows dedicate a big part that their energy to producing milk, and also their lean, effective bodies average they don’t need to waste power on maintaining huge muscles.

How lot Does an typical Beef Cow Weigh?

According to data from the USDA’s Germplasm testimonial Report which is performed annually, the median weight the adult beef cattle throughout all breeds is 1,390lbs.

Beef livestock are usually bigger than dairy cattle since they have actually been selectively bred because that size and also muscle, whereas dairy livestock have been selected for milk production and as a result have thinner, weaker bodies.

Read More: carry out Cows prefer Being Milked?

According to the data, an average adult beef cow is roughly 190lbs (86kg) heavier 보다 an median adult dairy products cow.

Average weight of Cows

Using the average weight of dairy product cows (1200lbs) and beef cows (1390lbs), and the distribution of dairy to beef cattle noted by the USDA, we have the right to work out the mean weight of every adult cows.

The average weight of every adult living livestock in the United says is 1,345lbs or 610kg. This is made up of 76.8% beef cattle, which sweet 1390lbs ~ above average, and 23.2% dairy product cattle, which sweet 1,200lbs top top average. This number is much less than the typical slaughter load of cattle, which is 1371lbs (621kg).

What Contributes come Cow Weight?

Cow weight is influenced by several factors, including the each other of cattle, their diet, whether they are male or female (males have tendency to be larger), and also how old they are.

Let’s take it a look at a couple of of these and see exactly how they affect a cow’s weight:

1: Breed

Cow load is strongly affected by your breed, through some miniature each other weighing as tiny as 600lbs, compared to part breeds specifically bred for draft weighing in at end 3,000lbs.

Beef livestock breeds like Angus and also Hereford have tendency to weigh an ext than dairy products breeds like Holstein and also Jersey, but the biggest breeds space the breeze breeds choose the mighty Chianna and Limousin, whose big weight have the right to be attributed to the reality that they have been selectively bred for generations to boost their strength as much as possible.

BreedAverage load (Cows)Average weight (Bulls)
Angus1210lbs (549kg)1870lbs (848kgs)
Hereford1200lbs (544kg)1800lbs
Limousin1650lbs (750kg)2530lbs (1150kg)


2: Diet

Cows’ diet impacts their weight, with details high-density feeds favor corn, oats, barley, and soy help cows to grow more quickly contrasted to a natural diet the grass, i beg your pardon is less nutrient-dense.

Read More: can Cows Eat Corn?

3: Age

It goes without saying the cows end up being heavier together they age, however it’s not always obvious just just how drastic a cow’s expansion can be.

According to Penn. State University, some livestock can flourish at a staggering rate of approximately 4.5lb (2kg) every day.

Cow calves are around 90lbs as soon as they space born, and attain their full adult load after approximately two years.

Read More: exactly how Long do Cows Live?

4: Sex

Male livestock are heavier than female cattle, as result of their bigger heads, denser bones, and higher muscle to fat ratio.

Within males, bulls often tend to be bigger than steers, and also male beef cattle tend come be bigger than masculine dairy cattle.


To amount up, the mean cow weighs in between 800 and 1400lbs, although your weight varies considerably by breed and depending on your diet, age, and also sex.

In the united States, the typical weight that a beef cow is 1,390lbs, the median weight of a dairy product cow is 1,200lbs, and also the typical weight of all adult cows is about 1345lbs (610kg).

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When cows are slaughtered, their weight is higher than the mean weight of one adult cow. The average live load of a slaughtered cow in the united state is 1,371lbs (621kg). This makes sense, because cows room usually slaughtered once they space at their heaviest, to maximize the meat yield.