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Crossing the brook via weapons and horses

Argentina, Chile, Denmark, The Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Venezuela, Sweden and Switzerland also.

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Only these countries were neutral in the time of the Great War 1914-1918. The remainder of the civilization conducted war through each various other.

Following the adage that he who desires peace prepares for battle, the small Dutch army exercised consistently. In the East Holland also bordered to Germany kind of and in the southern to German-lived in Belgium. The heavy gunfire in Flanders was heard in Holland also eextremely day. The Belgian battlefields were no more than 40 km"s away (about 26 miles).

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Gerguy soldiers provide up their arm once interned in the Netherlands

When the battle damaged out even more than one million Belgian refugees fcaused Holland also. Thousands of soldiers, from both sides, adhered to them. They crossed the border bereason the enemy had them encircled, favor it taken place to 2,000 British marines at Antwerp.

All foreign soldiers showing up in The Netherlands were disarmed and interned in camps wright here they were to continue to be in the time of remainder of the war. The photo on the left (click on it to view it larger) shows the disarmament of Germale infantry-troops that had actually fled throughout the Dutch border. The Germale soldiers dubbed this location the graveyard, because of the bayonets that were put right into the ground.

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A Dutch Mobile Pigeon Station

The Dutch federal government had actually mobilized 500.000 man to reinpressure the continuous army. They guarded the boundaries and also filled their days via exercising and also sprucing up...

There were many type of events in which war-nations were affiliated. England also for circumstances, bombed - by accident - the Dutch port of Zierikzee.

And Gerguy U-boats torpedoed and sank many kind of Dutch ships - even one that transported German prisoners-of-battle from England to the Netherlands.

In spring 1915 the Germans set up an tragic electric fence in between inhabited Belgium and also the Netherlands. The 2,000 Volts wire ran nearly 200 Km (125 Miles) lengthy through villages, orchards, meadows, woodland, over brooks - also over the river Meuse. The elevation of the construction was over 3 meters. How many civilization the fence killed is unrecognized. Quotes vary from 2,000 to 3,000.

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Dutch Queen Wilhelmina on horseback

The word neutral comes from ne uter (=namong both), however in the Netherlands making a selection was a near thing: commander-in-chief General C.J. Snijders had actually a strong liking for the "invincible" Germany kind of.

Because of his mindset the government a number of times tried to get rid of the basic, but Queen Wilhelmina retained on backing her CIC. The queen was fond of the army and regularly went to the troops and observed exercises.

On the photo on the left the 35 years old queen is accompanied by some high-ranking officers and a lady of the court.

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Dutch mines had to safeguard neutrality in shore waters

To maintain neutrality the Netherlands lhelp mines in coastal waters, to prevent hostile landings.

Three times (in 1916, 1917 and also 1918) Germany kind of thought about occupying the Netherlands. In that case the allied nations without doubt would certainly have got into the country from the seaside.

Germany kind of eventually refrained from invading Holland also, likewise because of the foodoffers that repetitively flowed from this country. This trade made some merchants in Holland very well-off. They were dubbed OW"ers, meaning "oorlogswinst-makers": war-profiteers. Until this exceptionally day OW"er is considered a harsh term of abusage in Holland.

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Innumerable mines washed ashore

In the Netherlands tbelow are some cemeteries wbelow victims of the Great War are buried. Many were sailors that dropped at sea. Others are civilians or navy-personnel that died at the beaches wright here countless mines waburned ashore.

The picture shows 2 men of the Dutch Royal Navy on a beach in the province of Zeeland also dismantling a seamine.

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A telephone-short article of the communication-unit of the fourth Division

Maintaining neutrality brought about discord among the residents of the Netherlands. The population was separated, as were the political leaders.

Many kind of world still bore a grudge to England because of the Boer War, fifteenager years earlier, when thousands of Boers (Dutch descendants) in South-Africa had actually been killed by British soldiers.

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Army-chaplain pgetting to to officers, guys and also civilians

Tright here was also many discontent among the soldiers. Only at the end of the war they were carried into genuine action. They had actually to strike dvery own hunger revolts in some of the bigger cities...

The image left mirrors an Dutch army-chaordinary transferring a sermon to police officers and also guys of the 2nd Division. The area is a farm-yard somewbelow in the southerly province of Noord-Brabant.

Pay attention to the somewhat scheduled interemainder of the farmer in the door-method and also the various other no-doubt catholic countrymales ideal back. The visible throng suggests that there is a lot even more public than the image mirrors.

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Almost eincredibly prayer in that time begged for peace. It took four lengthy years and 37,000,000 casualties before these humble prayers came true.