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THE RENAISSANCE

RENAISSANCE (1400-1650)

Renaissance typical “rebirth” or much more importantly "rediscovery." What was rediscovered to be the art, knowledge and also humanistic values and also esthetics of ancient Greece and Rome. This to be a time there to be explosion of knowledge, creativity, curiosity and reform in the church. Also, as soon as Magellan sailed around the world, Columbus supposedly discovered America, young name Luther led the protestant reformation, humanistic thought focused on human life and accomplishments rather 보다 on religious doctrine and also the afterlife. Knowledge during the Renaissance was acquired from scholars quite than priests. The time period or the Renaissance in west Europe was from around 1400 (1450 to be the year the printing push was invented) come 1600 (the invention of opera). The imitative polyphonic mass of the Renaissance fulfilled the heritage of church music carry out in cathedrals. However music external of the church play an significantly important function as composers came to be employed through kings and nobility fairly than through the church. Proceeding the Medieval heritage of music because that entertainment, hearne or dancing come music increased in popularity. An educated human was often trained in music, sang madrigals or played the lute or vihuela. The tools of the Renaissance were pertained to the exact same string, woodwind, brass, percussion and keyboard family members that exist today. Renaissance composers continually make the efforts to make their music more expressive, much more relevant come Renaissance society and an ext reflective to your every day human being experience. Composers for the mass incorporate Josquin Desprez and also Giovanni Palestrina the lute encompass Dowland and also da Milano, and also the vihuelists, Milan, Narvaez, Mudarra, Fuenllana and also Pisador.

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MASS
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The Sistine Madonna, details that the Angels, Raphael,1513-1514

The most substantial composition the the Renaissance. The key Roman Catholic service and the music written for it. A 5 movement form set to music. The five movements space Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus and also Agnes dei. The great an obstacle for the composer was to link and also unify the sections of the church company mass through vocal music. The Renaissance Mass to be sung a cappella, was mostly in imitative polyphony and was written in 4 parts arranged Soprano, Alto, Tenor, and also Bass.

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MADRIGAL
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Sermisy"s Jouissance & a Renaissance Women"s Consort

A secular vocal work for 4 come 6 voices, sung a cappella, essentially polyphonic in texture, light in character and also employs "word painting". The madrigal is the most important secular genre come emerge throughout the Renaissance. That is in the madrigal that the Renaissance desire to do music much more "expressive" is most plainly observed. In "word painting" the composers sought come musically show the an interpretation of their texts.

critical DANCE MUSIC
The role of instrumentalist in the Renaissance to be such that numerous of the finest composers wrote for tools with or without voices. The dance music often tended to be much more elaborate, an ext stylized and an ext artistic. Instruments and also music because that instruments arisen significantly throughout this period. Critical music was to become one the the good glories the the Baroque era and the basis for this was laid in the Renaissance. Instruments often played along with singers in vocal music and sometimes carry out vocal category as important pieces by themselves. The two most crucial dances in the Renaissance were the Pavane and also the Galliard. The Pavane to be a slow-moving a stately dance in duple meter and the Galliard was a fast and also lively run in triple meter.

Typical tools of the Renaissance:

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Bosse, Abraham music Society, c. 1635 Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris

Viol or rebec - violin
Shawm - oboe
Crumhorn - bassoon
Sackbut - trumpet or trombone
Cornetto - clarinet
Lute or vihuela - guitar
Harpsichord - piano

LUTE
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Bartolomeo Veneto Woman play a Lute, 1520 Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan.

A pear shame instrument the Arabic beginning ( stems indigenous "ud or al"ud) presented to Europe partially through contact with the Moors in Spain and partly with the interest of returning Crusaders. Throughout Europe in the sixteenth and also seventeenth centuries the lute was the favorite instrument for usage in homes, in barbershops and taverns. Much of the repertoire for the lute consists of quick dance movements but most importantly the lute fantasia was developed. A fantasia for the lute to be a totally free formed item that can go in any kind of musical direction the composer would see fit. A fantasia is a composition inspired by the imagination of the player. It may be that the quiet nature of the lute made that a an overwhelming for human being to hear in a run hall and also thus was an ext suited because that intimate and also dreamy pieces. The Renaissance lute had 4 to thirteen process (as the twin strings wherein called) tuned a 4th apart with the exemption of a 3rd between the 3rd and second course (tuning the guitars third string come f# when leaving the continuing to be strings as they are will achieve a Renaissance lute tuning).

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tools FROM THE center AGES and RENAISSANCE

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Instruments native the middle Ages and Renaissance.

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