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hatchet The procedure by i beg your pardon a cabinet divides into two daughter cells is calleda. Metaphaseb. Mitosisc. Interphased. Cell division
Definition d. Cell division
Term all of the following are difficulties that growth causes for cells EXCEPTa. Obtaining enough foodb. Expelling wastesc. An ext demands top top DNAd. Overfill oxygen
Definition d. Excess oxygen
Term The larger a cabinet becomes, the ______ effectively it is able come function.

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Definition less
Term If the surface ar area that a cell the is shaped like a cube boosts 100 times, that volume rises abouta. 100 timesb. 1000 timesc. 5 timesd. 10 times.
Definition b. 1000 times
Term An advantage of sex-related reproduction over asexual reproduction is that sex-related reproduction a. Requires more timeb. Produces the same offspringc. Takes less timed. Provides hereditary diversity
Definition d. Provides genetic diversity
Term After cell division, every daughter cabinet hasa. Less DNA in its nucleus 보다 the parent cell.b. More DNA in that nucleus than the parental cell.c. A higher surface area/volume ratio than the parent cell.d. A lower surface area/volume ratio than the parent cell.
Definition c. A higher surface area/volume proportion than the parent cell.
Term Mitosis is a kind of sex-related reproduction, since the daughter cells that type are identical to the parent cell. True or False
Definition False
Term The price at i m sorry wastes are produced by a cell partly depends top top the cell a. Form of membrane.b. Volume.c. Proportion of surface ar area to volume.d. Surface area.
Definition b. Volume.
Term i m sorry of the complying with happens as soon as a cell divides?a. It becomes more complicated for the cabinet to get rid of wastes.b. Every daughter cell receives its own copy of the parent cell’s DNA.c. The cell’s volume increases.d. It i do not care more daunting for the cell to get sufficient oxygen and also nutrients.
Definition b. Every daughter cell receives its very own copy of the parent cell’s DNA.
Term together a cell’s dimension increases, its proportion of surface ar area to volume increases. True or False
Definition False
Term as a cell becomes larger, itsa. Volume increases quicker than its surface area.b. Surface ar area increases faster than the volume.c. Surface ar area continues to be the same, yet its volume increases.d. Volume increases, yet its surface area stays the same.
Definition a. Volume increases much faster than its surface area.
Term The smaller a cell is, the more daunting it is because that the cabinet to move sufficient nutrients and also wastes throughout its cell membrane to keep its typical functions. True or False
Definition False
Term A student inserted three cubes that agar that included the indicator phenolphthalein in a maker of vinegar. The sides of the cubes to be the complying with lengths: 3 cm, 2 cm, and 1 cm. In the presence of an acid, such as vinegar, phenolphthalein turns from pink come clear. ~ 10 minutes, the student reduced each cube open and also measured the street that the vinegar had actually diffused into each cube. She then began to finish the data table.What is she trying come test?a. She is probably experimentation the impact of dimension on the diffusion the materials right into each cube. The cubes most likely represent cellsb. She is probably testing the result of size on the energetic transport the materials into each cube. The cubes more than likely represent cellsc. She is probably testing the result of dimension on the diffusion of materials out of each cube. The cubes probably represent cellsd. She is probably testing the effect of size on the diffusion that materials into each cube. The cubes more than likely represent vinegar.
Definition a. She is probably experimentation the effect of size on the diffusion the materials into each cube. The cubes most likely represent cells
Term throughout sexual reproduction, cell can produce genetically various offspring, whereas throughout _____________ reproduction, cells develop genetically the same offspring.
Definition asexual
Term An imaginary cubic cell with a side size of 10 mm would have a proportion of surface ar area come volume of 6 : 10. True or False
Definition True
Term compared to small cells, large cells have much more troublea. Storing essential materials and also waste products.b. Dividing.c. Producing daughter cells.d. Moving needed materials in and waste assets out.
Definition d. Moving needed materials in and waste assets out.
Term A student placed three cubes that agar that contained the indicator phenolphthalein in a maker of vinegar. The political parties of the cubes were the following lengths: 3 cm, 2 cm, and 1 cm. In the presence of an acid, such as vinegar, phenolphthalein transforms from pink come clear. ~ 10 minutes, the student cut each cube open and measured the distance that the vinegar had diffused right into each cube. She then began to complete the data table.Predict Examine number 10–11. In i m sorry cube will the vinegar take the longest time to diffuse into the center? In which tube will certainly the vinegar take it the shortest time come diffuse right into the center?a. The vinegar will take the longest lot of time come diffuse come the center of the 3 cm cube. It will certainly take the shortest lot of time to with the facility of the 1 centimeter sides.b. The vinegar will certainly take the longest amount of time to diffuse come the center of the 1 cm cube. It will certainly take the shortest quantity of time to with the center of the 3 cm sides.c. The vinegar will take the longest quantity of time come diffuse to the center of the 2 centimeter cube. It will take the shortest lot of time to with the center of the 1 cm sides.d. The vinegar will certainly take the longest lot of time to diffuse to the center of the 2 centimeter cube. It will take the shortest amount of time to reach the center of the 3 cm sides.
Definition a. The vinegar will certainly take the longest amount of time come diffuse to the center of the 3 cm cube. It will take the shortest quantity of time to with the facility of the 1 centimeter sides.
Term i m sorry of the following represents the phases that mitosis in their appropriate sequence?a. Interphase, prophase, metaphase, telophaseb. Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophasec. Prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophased. Prophase, anaphase, metaphase, telophase
Definition c. Prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
Term throughout cytokinesis, a cell undergoing cell department finally splits right into two daughter cells. True or False
Definition True
Term In eukaryotes, the spindle breaks down during prophase and re-forms throughout telophase. True or False
Definition False
Term Cell department occurs in two main stages, the an initial of i m sorry is called __________.
Definition mitosis
Term What is the role of the spindle fibers during mitosis?a. They assist separate the chromosomes.b. They do the chromosomes visible.c. They malfunction the nuclear membrane.d. They duplicate the DNA.
Definition a. They assist separate the chromosomes.
Term during normal mitotic cell division, a parent cell the has four chromosomes will develop two daughter cells, every containinga. Eight chromosomes.b. Two chromosomes.c. 16 chromosomes.d. Four chromosomes.
Definition d. Four chromosomes.
Term The two main stages the cell department are calleda. The M phase and the S phase.b. Mitosis and cytokinesis.c. Synthesis and cytokinesis.d. Mitosis and interphase.
Definition b. Mitosis and cytokinesis
Term Typically, the longest phase of mitosis is metaphase. True or False
Definition False
Term The number of sister chromatids in a person body cell the is beginning cell department is _____ .
Definition 92
Term which of the complying with is a step of mitosis?a. Prophaseb. S phasec. Cytokinesisd. Interphase
Definition a. Prophase
Term The very first phase that mitosis is calleda. Anaphase.b. Metaphase.c. Interphase.d. Prophase.
Definition d. Prophase.
Term When during the cell cycle are chromosomes visible?a. Only during cell divisionb. Only when they are being replicatedc. Only throughout the G1 phased. Only during interphase
Definition a. Only during cell division
Term Which occasion occurs throughout interphase?a. Spindle fibers start to form.b. The cytoplasm divides.c. Centromeres divide.d. Centrioles duplicate.
Definition d. Centrioles duplicate.
Term most of a cell’s growth takes place during the phase of the cabinet cycle. True or False
Definition False
Term A cell that has actually 5 chromosomes in the G1 phase will have actually _____ chromatids in the G2 phase.
Definition 10
Term Prokaryotes (bacteria) reproduce by an asexual procedure known as _______________.
Definition binary fission
Term which of the adhering to lists frameworks from smallest to largest?a. Chromosome, supercoil, coil, nucleosome, double helixb. Twin helix, nucleosome, coil, supercoil, chromosomec. Chromosome, coil, dual helix, nucleosome, supercoild. Nucleosome, coil, dual helix, chromosome, supercoil
Definition b. Dual helix, nucleosome, coil, supercoil, chromosome
Term A multicell organism starts life as a solitary cell—a fertilized egg v a complete set of chromosomes. The photo in figure 10–2 over shows how the cell divides to end up being two cells, then 4 cells, eight cells, and so on. I beg your pardon of the adhering to statements finest describes what happens throughout this process?a. Chromosomes are randomly spread during cell department so the some brand-new cells have partial to adjust while rather have finish sets.b. Chromosomes room stored in the initial cell to straight the division of every daughter cells, which execute not have their own chromosomes.c. Chromosomes are divided evenly throughout cell department so that each brand-new daughter cell has actually an same share of the initial set.d. Chromosomes space duplicated prior to cell division so that each new daughter cell has a finish set.
Definition d. Chromosomes space duplicated prior to cell department so the each new daughter cell has a finish set.
Term i beg your pardon pair contains a phase of the cell cycle and a cellular procedure that occurs throughout that phase?a. G2 phase, ready for mitosisb. S phase, cabinet divisionc. G1 phase, DNA replicationd. M phase, cabinet growth
Definition a. G2 phase, ready for mitosis
Term during which phase in the cell cycle go mitosis happen?a. G1 phaseb. G2 phasec. M phased. S phase
Definition c. M phase
Term One difference between cell department in tree cells and in animal cells is that plant cell havea. Chromatin.b. Centrioles.c. Centromeres.d. A cell plate.
Definition d. A cabinet plate.

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Term i beg your pardon of the complying with is a exactly statement around the occasions of the cabinet cycle?a. The M phase is commonly the longest phase.b. Interphase is composed of the G1, S, and also G2 phases.c. DNA replicates throughout cytokinesis.d. Small happens throughout the G1 and G2 phases.
Definition b. Interphase is composed of the G1, S, and also G2 phases
Term When throughout the cabinet cycle is a cell DNA replicated?a. G1 phaseb. M phasec. S phased. G2 phase
Definition c. S phase
Term throughout which step of mitosis do the chromosomes heat up follow me the center of the dividing cell?a. Anaphaseb. Metaphasec. Telophased. Prophase
Definition b. Metaphase